Michael Jackson Life Mask/Cast From Thriller Video, Sculptor William Forsche

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Verkoper: forsche_design (7.613) 100%, Objectlocatie: Appleton, Wisconsin, Verzending naar: Worldwide, Objectnummer: 254004425091 This reconstructed modern day casting of Michael Jackson has been created by special effects and lifecasting artist William Forsche. The lifecast was originally obtained by myself while working in the same special effects facility that created the original castings for "Thriller." The original casting was in my possession since 1986 and was in need of expert restoration which I decided to undertake after hearing the news of Michael Jackson’s death in 2009. **Please note that Free Shipping is NOT included with Best Offers.** Select Thumbnails Below To View Larger Images This 1:1 life-size casting is professionally crafted using a professional grade plaster and has a sturdy metal loop in the back for displaying on a wall. This casting can also be produced from a lightweight urethane plastic for an additional 75 dollars upon request. William Forsche has been creating and collecting lifecasts for most of his adult life. One of Forsche's career highlights was creating a lifecast of Vincent Price in 1988. "I have personally been collecting and creating life masks in Hollywood for over 30 years." "This is a professionally made modern casting made of the highest grade materials available." - William Forsche William Forsche offers you this high quality life mask direct from his Hollywood collection. Castings from our "Premium" Life Mask collection are made for the discriminating collector. These castings have been professionally remastered from the best source materials available, and should not be confused with lower quality life masks readily available elsewhere. A signed C.O.A. and a signature on every cast is provided by William Forsche to ensure its authenticity and high quality. Our castings have been used in numerous film productions, William Forsche has done life mask creation for Academy Award winning make-up artists Rick Baker, Greg Cannom and for George Lucas' special effects company Industrial Light and Magic. Many of our castings are also in the personal collections of high profile collectors and artists such as: Guillermo del Toro, David Bowie, Stevie Wonder, Liza Minnelli, Hugh Heffner, Kirk Douglas, and the late Tony Curtis and Gregory Peck. Testimonials from Hollywood professionals about the quality of Forsche Design Life Masks. Andy Schoneberg is a two time Emmy award winning makeup artist for "The Walking Dead." Below is the Humphrey Bogart display he created using one of Forsche's Life Masks. "I met William 28 years ago(!) on Dead Heat. He was a master life caster then, doing excellent work. He's a fantastic artist and technician. William's life cast collection is without equal. If William is offering a life cast of a particular person, you can bet he's done the legwork to make sure that it's the best, most accurate cast available. Period." -Andy Schoneberg Dan Platt's work includes "Terminator 2", Tupac Shakur's hologram for "Coachella" and he was also the Facial Model Lead responsible for youthenizing Jeff Bridges as Clu for "Tron: Legacy." "Bill, I've been collecting life casts from you for 20 years and without fail, your castings are undisputedly the sharpest, distortion free and most accurate castings in the industry. How do I know? Every morning Ebay sends out a fresh listing of available life casts and I am appalled on what is being offered by your competitors. When I had the privilege to work with you at Greg Cannom's in the early 90's, your life cast work was without flaw and that same attention to detail and craftsmanship is evident in every cast that you sell. I could not and most importantly, WILL NOT buy any life cast from anyone other than you. The success of my career depends heavily on the solid understanding of facial anatomy, form and structure. For the last two decades, your life casts gave me that invaluable understanding. And without that knowledge, I would never have been able to correctly interpret poorly lit or artistically shot photographs when I recreated Tupac for Coachella." -Dan Platt Tom Spina: Sculptor, Movie Prop Conservation Artist and Collector works on an original "Mrs. Doubtfire" appliance displayed on a custom Robin Williams life mask display bust provided by William Forsche of Forsche Design. "To any and all collectors of lifecasts, You will simply never find another source like William Forsche. His decades of film FX experience and encyclopedic knowledge are a benefit not found in any other lifecast seller, but the real value is in the exquisite quality of the castings themselves. Each is a work of art in its own right, always with highest level of detail of any available, and the closest generation to the original actor's face. I am never disappointed when I open a package from Forsche! I've counted on Bill for reference busts when recreating famous faces and also for things like copies of Robin Williams' head, to which we applied two sets of original Mrs. Doubtfire appliances for display. In order to achieve that, we needed castings that were properly sized and without warp. Bill delivered, as he always does! I can highly recommend his work to anyone interested and look forward to my next purchase!" Sincerely, -Tom Spina Daniel Horne is a multiple award winning artist, painter and mask maker whose work is in many private collections worldwide including: Guillermo del Toro, Greg Nicotero and Rick Baker. "William, Thank you again for offering great life casts, I have ten of yours and they are far superior to anything else that is offered." -Daniel Horne Mike Hill is a portrait sculptor and artist whose work is in many private collections, Mike has also sculpted for television's "American Horror Story" and film projects such as "Men in Black 3" and "The Wolfman." "Life masks are a valuable tool in the process of sculpting a human head or likeness. It doesnt matter if it isn’t the actual person, understanding the folds and planes of the face is far easier to understand if you hold one in your hand . William Forsche is my go-to for any life mask." -Mike Hill Why purchase our life masks when there are cheaper plastic castings and other sources available? "The advent of the internet has put collecting life masks into the hands of many people outside the film industry; I have personally acquired some of these life masks from various internet sources and have been extremely disappointed with the quality and the distortion (shrinkage etc.) of these castings. The average person outside the film industry doesn't have studio grade life masks to compare their castings with. With over 30 years of selectively collecting life masks it has always been my goal to obtain the highest quality masks available. Not only have I been a collector I am also a Hollywood life mask artist who has created some of the castings that exist in private collections, museums and have been used in the production of many of the major Hollywood films which I have worked on. My professional experience gives me the insight and the ability to compare similar castings and grade them on their detail, shrinkage and distortion. It is my goal and my passion to always make the highest quality life masks possible and it is my pleasure to share these casts with the discriminating life mask collector." -William Forsche Select Thumbnails Below To View Larger Images Forsche Design's white plaster lifecast of Grace Kelley on the left compared to theirs which is on the right. Our more complete and detailed Grace Kelley cast does not exhibit the shrinkage or distortion of their casting which has less detail. Their once white plastic cast has yellowed considerably with age and has only a single wire as a do it yourself type of hanger. Lifecast artist Willa Shalit invited William Forsche to New York City in 1986 to teach her his lifecasting techniques, after seeing the torso and face casting of Hugh Heffner's girlfriend that he created for the Playboy Mansion. Forsche was later asked to assist Willa Shalit with the smiling lifecast of Stevie Wonder created for his Album cover "Characters." Many of Forsche's lifecasting techniques were also utilized for some of Shalit's more refined lifecasts in her book "Life Cast: Behind the Mask." Forsche works on a life mask of Brooke Shields in Shalit's lifecast studio, New York City circa 1986. Modern day photo of William Forsche recreating the "Aladdin Sane" life masks that he originally made for David Bowie's personal collection. David Bowie and William Forsche at "Top of the Pops" circa 1987. William Forsche with Hollywood Acting Legends: Kirk Douglas, Tony Curtis and Gregory Peck. Select image below to read an article about the lifecast artist William Forsche. William Forsche was asked to join several other top Hollywood make-up effects artists recently to teach his lifecasting techniques in the "Ultimate Creature Creator Class." Performer's Film Television & Media Appearances Michael Jackson Date of Birth 29 August 1958, Gary, Indiana, USA Date of Death 25 June 2009, Los Angeles, California, USA (homicide) Birth Name Michael Joseph Jackson Nickname The Gloved One Wacko Jacko Jacko King Of Pop MJ Smelly Applehead Mike Height 5' 11" (1.80 m) Mini Biography American superstar Michael Jackson was born in Gary, Indiana, on August 29, 1958, and entertained audiences nearly his entire life. His father, Joe Jackson, had been a guitarist but was forced to give up his musical ambitions following his marriage to Katherine (Scruse). Together they prodded their growing family's musical interests at home. By the early 1960s, the older boys Jackie, Tito and Jermaine had begun performing around the city; by 1964, Michael and Marlon had joined in. A musical prodigy, Michael's singing and dancing talents were amazingly mature, and he soon became the dominant voice and focus of The Jackson 5. An opening act for such soul groups as the O-Jays and James Brown, it was Gladys Knight (not Diana Ross) who officially brought the group to Berry Gordy's attention, and by 1969, the boys were producing back-to-back chart-busting hits as Motown artists ("I Want You Back," "ABC," "Never Can Say Goodbye," "Got to Be There," etc.). As a product of the 1970s, the boys emerged as one of the most accomplished black pop/soul vocal groups in music history, successfully evolving from a group like The Temptations to a disco phenomenon. Solo success for Michael was inevitable, and by the 1980s, he had become infinitely more popular than his brotherly group. Record sales consistently orbited, culminating in the biggest-selling album of all time, "Thriller" in 1982. A TV natural, he ventured rather uneasily into films, such as playing the Scarecrow in The Wiz (1978), but had much better luck with elaborate music videos. In the 1990s, the downside as an 1980s pop phenomenon began to rear itself. Michael grew terribly child-like and introverted by his peerless celebrity. A rather timorous, androgynous figure to begin with, his physical appearance began to change drastically, and his behavior grew alarmingly bizarre, making him a consistent target for scandal-making, despite his numerous charitable acts. Two brief marriages -- one to Elvis Presley's daughter Lisa Marie Presley -- were forged and two children produced by his second wife during that time, but the purposes behind them appeared image-oriented. Despite it all, Michael Jackson's passion and artistry as a singer, dancer, writer and businessman are unparalleled, and it is these prodigious talents that will ultimately prevail over the extremely negative aspects of his seriously troubled adult life. For it all to end on June 25, 2009, with his sudden death at age 50 of a drug-induced cardiac arrest, just as he was coming out of a four-year reclusive period and rehearsing for a sold-out London concert "comeback" in July, seems uncommonly cruel and tragic. Millions upon millions of dedicated fans will remember where they were "the day Michael died". IMDb Mini Biography By: Gary Brumburgh Spouse Debbie Rowe (14 November 1996 - 8 October 1999) (divorced) 2 children Lisa Marie Presley (26 May 1994 - 18 January 1996) (divorced) Trade Mark The Moonwalk Single sequined white glove He always wears white socks with black shoes Often wore a black hat and a jacket with a ribbon around one sleeve Lyrics reflecting his social concerns and hopes for a better world Long black hair High pitched voice The crotch grab Trivia Through his "Heal the World" Foundation, Jackson spearheaded airlifts of food and medical supplies to war-torn Sarajevo, instituted mentoring, immunization and drug-abuse education programs and paid for a Hungarian child's liver transplant. Second child, with Debbie Rowe, daughter Paris-Michael Katherine Jackson, is born. [3 April 1998] Wife, Debbie Rowe, gave birth to a son in Beverly Hills, named Michael Joseph Jackson Jr. [13 February 1997] Macaulay Culkin is godfather to his two eldest children. Married Lisa Marie Presley in La Vega, Dominican Republic, by Judge Hugo Francisco Alvarez Perez. Witnesses present were Thomas Keough and Eve Darling (Lisa Marie's ex-brother-in-law and his wife, ex-sister-in-law). [26 May 1994] Shares with Carlos Santana the record for most Grammys won in one year, with eight. First solo artist to generate four top ten hits on the Billboard charts on one album with "Off the Wall." First artist to generate seven top ten hits (USA) on one album with "Thriller." Only artist in history to generate five #1 hits (USA) from one album with "Bad." With Lionel Richie, co-wrote the song "We Are the World," and was one of its performers. His 1982 album "Thriller" is the biggest selling album of all time, with confirmed sales of over 47 million, and over an estimated 100 million copies worldwide. His 1991 album "Dangerous" is second to "Thriller" as the biggest selling album of all time, with over 20 million copies sold worldwide. His 1987 album "BAD" is third to "Thriller" as the biggest selling album of all time, with 20 million copies sold worldwide. Brother of (in this order) Rebbie Jackson, Jackie Jackson, Tito Jackson, Jermaine Jackson, La Toya Jackson, Marlon Jackson, Randy Jackson and Janet Jackson. Copied his moon walk after mime Marcel Marceau in "walk-against-the- wind" pantomime techniques. Wrote and recorded a song called "On the Line", produced by Kenneth 'Babyface' Edmonds, for the film Get on the Bus (1996) that was not included on the soundtrack for the film. The name of his 2700-acre ranch near Santa Ynez, California, is Neverland Valley Ranch. It contains Jackson's house, an amusement park co-designed by Macaulay Culkin, a private theater and dance stage, and exotic animals. He is being sued by two former financial advisors for $25 million over alleged unpaid expenses. Jackson denies owing them anything. [9 September 2001] Had a skin disease called vitiligo. Was a Jehovah's Witness. Uncle of Jermaine Jackson II, Valencia Jackson, Brittany Jackson, Marlon Jackson Jr., Stevanna Jackson. His estate contains a child's mini coaster, Zipper, Bumper cars, Merry go round, octopus, Giant slide and rocking dragon.. There is also a full size basketball court, water wars section (for water gun fights) 2 Trains, (one steam train) and a zoo where he has various exotic animals including elephants, giraffes, alligators, a tiger and even an Anaconda. He does not own the right to the entire Beatles catalogue. For example, the family of the late George Harrison own songs he wrote, including "Something," and Sony music owns 50% of the catalogue after Jackson sold it to them because he needed the money. Son of Katherine Jackson, and Joe Jackson. Inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2001 (as a solo artist). Inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1997 (as a member of the Jackson 5). Jackson shocked his fans when he dangled his third child, infant Prince Michael II, over a balcony on the fourth floor of a Berlin, Germany hotel for all hovering fans to see. He later stated that he made "a terrible mistake.". [November 2002] Starting with Black or White (1991) (V), Jackson and his record company refer to his music videos, before or since, as "short films," never "videos". Has his look-alike puppet in the French show "Les guignols de l'info" (1988). Father of Prince Michael, Prince Michael II, Paris Jackson. Is the godfather of Michael Gibb, son of The Bee Gees front man Barry Gibb. He and his lawyer, Mark Geragos, sued jet charter company XtraJet for invasion of privacy. The firm allegedly installed hidden cameras to tape the two's confidential attorney-client conversations. A California judge has barred the firm from releasing or selling any footage it may have obtained. [25 November 2003] In 2002 had planned to produce and star in the movie "The Nightmares of Edgar Allan Poe", about the last years of writer Edgar Allan Poe. He was to star as the famed 19th century author (who was Caucasian), and had written music for the film as well. For a charity event held at the Neverland Ranch in September 2003, for the first time ever, he invited an artist from the outside to perform there. It was Yannick Harrison, also known as Jay Kid, from Denmark that performed a number of his interpretations of Michael Jackson songs for the specially invited guests. Has sold over 750 million albums worldwide. Was present at the private funeral service for Maurice Gibb. He was voted the 35th Greatest Artist of all time in Rock 'n' Roll by Rolling Stone. His favorite The Beatles'' song is "Come Together" - his version of the song is on "History - Past, Present and Future.". Was found not guilty on ten counts of child molestation on 13 June 2005 due to lack of evidence. Ranked #11 in VH1's list of the "100 Greatest Kid Stars" with his brothers as the Jackson 5. He was (along with Tito Jackson) co-best man at Liza Minnelli's and David Gest's wedding. Tatum O'Neal, was Jackson's first girlfriend and allegedly his first real love. However, she denied this in her book, saying that he only kissed. His hit song "Bad" from 1987 was initially supposed to be a duet with fellow 80's superstar Prince. Prince said in an interview that he did not wish to sing the line "Your butt is mine". Ex-brother-in-law of James DeBarge. President Ronald Reagan wanted to award a special White House medal to Jackson, Bob Hope and the late John Wayne in 1984. However, future Chief Justice of the Supreme Court John Roberts advised against the proposal, saying the award was too much for a pop singer. Received a Presidential Humanitarian Award from President Ronald Reagan at the White House in May 1984, in recognition of Jackson's contribution to the government's campaign against drunk driving. "Beat It" was used in television advertisements. Jackson joined Chris Tucker, Tony Bennett, former president Bill Clinton and members of the Democratic National Committee at Harlem's Apollo Theatre in New York for a concert fundraiser. Tucker co-hosted the event with actress Cicely Tyson, while Rubén Blades, k.d. lang and Bennett performed. Jackson sang a medley of songs that included "Black or White" and "Smooth Criminal", and was joined by Jane's Addiction guitarist and former Red Hot Chili Peppers Dave Navarro for a portion of his set (24 April 2002). Attended a memorial service for the late actor Marlon Brando in August 2004, along with Warren Beatty, Jack Nicholson and Sean Penn. Addressed the Oxford Union on the subject of child welfare and his new initiative "Heal the Kids". (6 March 2001) Was asked to write and perform the songs for Batman (1989), but had to turn it down due to his concert commitments. In January 2000 Jackson announced he was considering retiring from the music industry, citing his weariness at publicity as a reason. In 1997, Jackson released an album of new material coupled with remixes of hit singles from the "HIStory" album titled "Blood on the Dance Floor: HIStory in the Mix". He dedicated the album to his friend Sir Elton John, who had helped him through his addiction to prescribed painkillers. It went on to sell 6 million copies worldwide, making it the biggest selling remix album of all time. His album "HIStory: Past, Present and Future - Book I" has sold 16 million copies worldwide since its release in 1995, making it the biggest selling multiple-disc album of all time. His 2001 album "Invincible" sold over 10 million copies worldwide. In January 1993 Jackson performed during the halftime show at Super Bowl XXVII. It drew the largest viewing audience in the history of American television. In a move named by Jackson's advisers as "refinancing," it was announced in April 2006 that Jackson had struck a deal with Sony and Fortress investments. In the deal Sony may be allowed to take control of half of Jackson's 50% stake in Sony/ ATV Music Publishing (worth an estimated $1 billion) which Jackson co-owns. Jackson would be left with 25% of the catalog, with the rest belonging to Sony. In exchange, Sony negotiated with a loans company on behalf of Jackson. Jackson's $200m in loans were due in December 2005 and were secured on the catalog. Jackson failed to pay and the Bank of America sold them to Fortress investments, a company dealing in distressed loans. However, Jackson hasn't as yet sold any of the remainder of his stake. The possible purchase by Sony of 25% of Sony/ATV Music Publishing is a conditional option; it is assumed the singer will try to avoid having to sell part of the catalog of songs including material by other artists such as 'Bob Dylan' and Destiny's Child. As another part of the deal Jackson was given a new $300 million loan, and a lower interest rate on the old loan to match the original Bank of America rate. When the loan was sold to Fortress investments they increased the interest rate to 20%. Winner of the Brit Award for International Male in 1989. Winner of the British Phonographic Industry Award for International Solo Artist in 1988. Winner of the British Phonographic Industry Award for International Solo Artist in 1984. Was a frequent guest at the infamous "Studio 54" On 27 May 2006, Jackson accepted a Legend Award at MTV Japan's VMA Awards in Tokyo. It was his first public appearance since being found not guilty in his child molestation trial almost a year earlier. The award was honoring his influence and impact in music videos over the past 25 years. Despite a number of surgeons' claims that Jackson has undergone multiple nasal surgeries as well as a forehead lift, thinned lips and cheekbone surgery, Jackson wrote in his 1988 autobiography "Moon Walk" that he only had two rhinoplastic surgeries and the surgical creation of a cleft in his chin, while attributing puberty and diet to the noticeable change in the structure of his face. Jackson hired film director Martin Scorsese to direct the video for the "Bad" album's title track. When the 18-minute music video debuted on television, it sparked a great deal of controversy as it was apparent that Jackson's appearance had changed dramatically. Although Jackson's skin color had been a medium- brown color for the entire duration of his youth, his skin had gradually become paler since 1982, and had now become a light brown color. This was now so noticeable that the entire press took out widespread coverage on it and claimed that Jackson had bleached his own skin. In 1993 Jackson claimed that his changing skin color is due to a skin disorder vitiligo whilst on "The Oprah Winfrey Show" (1986). Performed at the ball for President Bill Clinton's first inauguration on 20 January 1993. "Michael Jackson: The Ultimate Collection", his third greatest hits package in less than ten years, sold 250,000 copies worldwide following its release in October 2004. "The Essential Michael Jackson", another greatest hits package, debuted at a surprisingly high Number 2 on the UK charts and sold 200,000 copies within five months. In the United States it only reached Number 96 and soon disappeared. Recorded an anti-war song about the US invasion of Iraq, "We've Had Enough", which was included on his greatest hits package "Michael Jackson: The Ultimate Collection". His greatest hits compilation "Michael Jackson: Number Ones" sold 6 million copies worldwide following its release in November 2003, peaking at Number 1 in most countries except the United States. It had been planned at the last minute after "Resurrection", a follow-up to his 2001 album "Invincible", was canceled. Fortress Investment Group foreclosed and took possession of Jackson's half- interest in the Sony/ATV Music Publishing company, estimated to be worth $1 billion, as well as the entire MiJac Music Publishing company. (December 2005) Promotional videos of his songs directed by, among others, John Landis and John Singleton have cost more than some motion pictures. Paid $1.5 million in 1999 for the Best Picture Oscar awarded to David O. Selznick for Gone with the Wind (1939). Announced his intention to record a charity single dedicated to the victims of Hurricane Katrina entitled, "I Have This Dream". Ciara, Snoop Dogg, R. Kelly, Keyshia Cole, James Ingram, Michael Jackson's brother Jermaine Jackson, Shanice, the Shirley Caesar and The O'Jays all supposedly lent their voices to the charity song. At the time, Jackson's spokesperson, Raymone K. Bain, said the list of performers included Mary J. Blige, Missy 'Misdemeanor' Elliott, Jay-Z, James Brown and Lenny Kravitz. All of these artists later appeared to be no longer participating. The Katrina Charity Single remains unreleased. He was a close friend of the former child star Mark Lester. Lester is godfather to Jackson's children. Although the two had not spoken for several years before his death. He was never related to Elvis Presley by marriage since Presley died many years before his marriage to Lisa Marie. Is spoofed in Eminem's music video "Just Lose It". Jackson was fired from Two Seas Records, with whom he had signed a recording contract in April 2006 for one album. The album had been set for a fall 2007 release. (September 2006) California state authorities ordered Jackson to close the Neverland Ranch and fined him more than $100,000 for failing to pay the staff there or maintain proper insurance. (March 2006). When Jackson performed in England in 1982, he asked to meet former actor Mark Lester. "He wanted to meet someone who had a similar background, a child star," Lester said. The result was a lifelong friendship. Presented with an "Artist of the decade" award by Elizabeth Taylor in 1989, proclaiming him "the true king of pop, rock and soul". Ordered to pay Debbie Rowe $60,000 for legal fees in their battle for custody over of their two children. Los Angeles Judge Robert Schnider gave Jackson until 28 September to obey the order. Rowe had asked for $195,000, but the judge noted that she had received eight million dollars in the divorce. (6 September 2006). In October 2002 it was revealed by various international banks that Jackson was in financial debt into the tens of millions of dollars due to various unpaid loans. Some of his favorite pastimes were water balloon fights and climbing trees. He wrote several songs sitting in his favorite tree at Neverland, which he called Giving Tree, because it was so inspiring. Is portrayed by Alex Burrall and Jason Weaver in The Jacksons: An American Dream (1992) (TV). Godmother of his daughter Paris Jackson and son Prince Michael is Elizabeth Taylor. Godfather of Nicole Richie. Did not tour America after the BAD tour in 1987. Received a Special Award for a Generation at the Brit Awards in 1996. Received the World Music Award for world's best-selling album of all time, "Thriller", at the Monte Carlo Sporting Club, on 8 May 1996. Received the Diamond Award for selling more than 100 million albums at the World Music Awards in London on 15 November 2006. Ended more than a year of speculation by buying the British music publishing company ATV Music for a reported £34 million ($50 million) in August 1985. The company owned 40,000 songs, including the Northern Songs catalog which contained all The Beatles songs up to their Apple Days. Jackson outbid Coca-Cola, EMI, CBS (who thereafter looked after the catalog for Jackson) and a very disappointed Paul McCartney, who had originally tried to buy Northern Songs for £21 million ($35 million) in 1981 and then later - again unsuccessfully - in conjunction with Yoko Ono. 1st May 2001: His video for "Thriller" was voted at #1 by VH1 on their countdown of the Top 100 Greatest Videos Of All Time. At #2 was "Like A Prayer" by Madonna. Won a poll of superstars to have his image on a stamp issued by the Virgin Islands in July 1985. He asked that the Virgin Islands donated all revenue (the stamps were priced between 60 cents and $1.50) to welfare and education. Disappointed his fans by singing a few lines from "We Are the World", accompanied by a children's choir, after he had been rumored to perform his 1982 hit "Thriller" as a triumphant comeback at the World Music Awards at Earls Court, London. Jackson left the stage to audible boos from the audience - some of his fans had paid up to £500 a ticket to see him perform. (15 November 2006). Filed complaints against the Independent Television Commission and the Broadcasting Standards Commission of the UK following the documentary Living with Michael Jackson: A Tonight Special (2003) (TV). Held his first live concert in four years at Madison Square Garden, New York, in early September 2001. He was paid £10 million for two concerts. Originally intended to begin his solo career when he turned eighteen in 1976, but financial problems forced him to remain with the Jackson Five, renaming themselves The Jacksons for legals reasons, until 1979. While Jackson has claimed 104 million sales for his 1982 album "Thriller", the Guinness Book of World Records has put the figure at 51 million copies sold as of 2006. A $10 million lawsuit filed by Jackson was dismissed by a US judge. The lawsuit was filed against a man from New Jersey who was allegedly in possession of items and memorabilia that Jackson claims were stolen. (14 January 2006). In 1997 a survey declared Jackson the most famous person in the world, ahead of Pope John Paul II and then US President Bill Clinton. It is clear in the opinion of a number of plastic surgeons that Jackson has undergone extensive plastic surgery and it may be said that he is hardly recognizable as the same person he was as an adolescent, but the effectiveness of his cosmetic surgery has been hotly debated. He was the highest earning singer of 1988-1989, with $125 million from his worldwide "BAD" album tour. Honored by CBS as the "top selling act of the Eighties" in March 1990. Jackson was seen by a record 500,000 people during his seven day stand at Wembley Stadium in July 1988. Moonwalker (1988) was certified as the all-time top selling music video in March 1989. Attended James Brown's funeral in Augusta, Georgia. (30 December 2006). Inducted into the UK Music Hall of Fame for his outstanding contribution to British music and integral part of British music culture. [11 November 2004] He returned to live in the United States on 24 December 2006, setting up residence in Las Vegas. On 13 June 2003, the day after his neighbor and friend of 25 years Gregory Peck died, Jackson went to Peck's house to help his widow plan the memorial service. Peck had once publicly praised the singer as a model parent. The music video for his song "Thriller" was with 13 minutes the longest music video ever, until this record was broken by Mike Skinner with the video for the song "When You Wasn't Famous". Jackson greeted thousands of US troops in a US army base south of Tokyo on 10 March 2007. About 3,000 troops and their family members gathered in a fitness center at Camp Zama. Jackson, after shaking hands with and thanking the troops personally for their service, spoke to the crowd gathered, saying, "Those of you in here today are some of the most special people in the world. It is because of you in here today, and others who so valiantly have given their lives to protect us, that we enjoy our freedom." Jackson also attended a ceremony at the camp for an army member being promoted and put a pin on his uniform. At his peak, Jackson was reportedly worth around $1 Billion. Inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame in 2002. His 1979 debut solo album "Off the Wall" has sold around 20 million copies worldwide. His 2001 album "Invincible" was his first full album of new material for ten years, since 1991's "Dangerous". Fell out with Quincy Jones after the producer cut half the songs from his 1987 album "BAD". In a 2006 interview with "The Daily Telegraph" newspaper, Jones admitted he had not spoken to Jackson for years. Diagnosed with lupus in 1984. Claimed to have given $300 million to charity, more than any other celebrity apart from Oprah Winfrey. Former son-in-law of Priscilla Presley. Childhood school friend of David Gest. Attended the funeral of his close friend Ryan White in April 1990. Longtime supporter of AIDS research and over thirty-two more charities. In the early 1970s while still very young and a member of the Jackson 5, appeared on "The Dating Game" (1965). Roles were reversed; Michael asked questions and picked a date from three eligible "bachelorettes". Is a fan of the Ultimate Fighting Championship. A special 25th anniversary edition of his 1982 album "Thriller", entitled "Thriller 25", sold an estimated 3 million copies worldwide. Upon his death, many fans left remembrances at the Hollywood star, located at 1541 Vine Street, awarded to a long time radio talk show host also named Michael Jackson. Upon hearing of this, the radio commentator said, "I am willingly loan it to him and, if it would bring him back, he can have it. He was a real star. Sinatra, Presley, The Beatles and Michael Jackson.". The Jacksons were awarded a Star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame for Recording at 1500 Vine Street in Hollywood, California. Made an out-of-court settlement with the family of 13-year-old Jordie Chandler for an estimated $25 million in January 1994 following allegations of sexual abuse against children. Owed an estimated $435 million in debts at the time of his death. At the time of his death Jackson was living in a rented mansion once owned by the actor Sir Sean Connery in the Holmby Hills neighborhood of Los Angeles. His favorite movie as a child and teenager was Oliver! (1968). Celebrities provided varied comments after Jackson's sudden death. Madonna and Diana Ross released statements saying they could not stop crying. Jackson's former wife, Lisa Marie Presley, said the singer had told her he was afraid he would end up like Elvis Presley, her father. Elizabeth Taylor, a long-time friend, said she, "can't imagine life without him." Liza Minnelli told CBS, "When the autopsy comes, all hell's going to break loose, so thank God we're celebrating him now." Jamie Foxx, stated: "We want to celebrate this black man. He belongs to us and we shared him with everybody else.". Following his death, U.S. President Barack Obama sent a letter of condolence to the Jackson family, and during a press conference the Press Secretary Robert Gibbs said that President Obama viewed Jackson as a "spectacular performer, and a music icon". In Congress, Representatives Diane Watson and Jesse Jackson Jr. asked members to observe a moment of silence. MTV and BET began airing his music videos, and ran two news specials, until 8 p.m. EDT the following day of his death. The news of his death spread quickly online, causing websites to crash and slow down from user overload. Both TMZ and the Los Angeles Times, two websites that were the first to confirm the news, suffered outages. His death triggered an outpouring of grief. Fans gathered outside the UCLA Medical Center, his Holmby Hills home, the Apollo Theater in New York, and at Hitsville U.S.A., the old Motown headquarters in Detroit where his career began, now the Motown Museum. Streets around the hospital were blocked off, and across America people left offices and factories to watch the breaking news on television. An Amazon spokesperson said that the website sold out of all of his CDs, and those of the Jackson 5, within minutes of the news of his death breaking. He had been scheduled to perform 50 sold-out concerts to over one million people at London's O2 arena, from July 13, 2009 to March 6, 2010, which he implied during a press conference would have been the final concerts of his career. Unfortunately he passed away before he could perform any of these shows. His rehearsals for the tour were documented in This Is It (2009). On the day of Jackson's death, Los Angeles Fire Department (LAFD) paramedics received a 911 call at 12:21 pm (19:21 UTC), and arrived three minutes and seventeen seconds later, at which point Jackson was reportedly not breathing. The recording of the emergency call was released by the LAFD on June 27, 2009. Paramedics are reported to have wanted to pronounce him dead at the scene, but a doctor insisted he be taken to a hospital. CPR was performed on the way to the Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center, where they arrived at 1:14 pm (20:14 UTC), and continued for an hour. He was pronounced dead at 2:26 pm (21:26 UTC). Producer Keya Morgan gave Jackson a ring that once belonged to Marilyn Monroe. Following the week of his death, his album sales collectively spiked over 2000%. The Staples Center Michael Jackson memorial service non-performing VIP attendees included Sean Combs, Larry King, Barbara Walters, Jaleel White, Kimberly 'Lil' Kim' Jones, Spike Lee, Don King, Vicki Roberts, Nicole Richie, Dionne Warwick, Kim Kardashian, and Kris Jenner. Music website Amazon sold as many Jackson albums in the 24 hours after his death as in the previous 11 years. His gold coffin seen at his memorial is a rare design called the Promethean. It cost $25,000 and is made of solid bronze but is 14-carat gold-plated with a hand-polished mirror finish and lined with velvet. It is identical to the coffin used to bury James Brown in 2006 - which may have inspired Jackson after he saw it when Brown lay in state. His memorial service from the Staples Center on Tuesday, July 7th 2009 brought the Internet's second largest day ever in terms of total traffic. In the 1980s, Jackson and Queen lead singer Freddie Mercury became close friends and recorded three songs together - "Victory", "State of Shock" (later recorded by Mick Jagger) and "There Must Be More To Life Than This". All are demos and have never been officially released. The Elephant Man (1980) was one of his favorite movies. Spent his last days at a rented mansion at 100 North Carolwood Drive in Los Angeles. The property was once owned by Sean Connery. An Andy Warhol head-and-shoulders portrait of Jackson made the cover of Time magazine on March 19, 1984. He died on the same day as Farrah Fawcett. Both were in California at the time. She died at 9:28 a.m PDT, he was pronounced dead at 2:26 p.m. after hours of unsuccessful resuscitation. It is estimated that Michael Jackson's earnings in the six months following his death on June 25 2009 will top the entire $149 million (£90 million) made by Jimi Hendrix since he passed away in 1970. Two months after his death, just before what would be his 51st birthday, and the day of his burial, his Number Ones album surpassed Taylor Swift's highly successful album Fearless as the best selling album of 2009 at that point. He had a long standing relationship with Cherokee Studios, reaching back to his days with the Jackson 5. It was during an early Jackson 5 recording session at Cherokee that Shelley Berger, longtime Motown Manager, first realized his talent, telling Rolling Stone Magazine he would be "the new Sammy Davis." Later, he came back to Cherokee to record his multi platinum breakout solo Album Off the Wall. His relationship with Cherokee continued throughout his solo career, culminating in the recording of what went on to become the best selling album of all time, Thriller (109 million albums sold worldwide). Holds 10 different Guinness World Records. In 1991, Sony Pictures Entertainment announced a top secret film project called "MidKnight" which would star Jackson as meek young man by day, who secretly changes into a heroic singing and dancing knight at the stroke of midnight. The film was part of Jackson's $1 billion re-up with Sony Music. But the project fell apart due to contractual issues as well as the 1993 child molestation allegations. Jackson received his very first screen kiss in the John Singleton-directed music video, "Remember the Time" (1992), when he kissed Iman (playing Queen Nefertiti to Eddie Murphy's Pharaoh). Achieved the dubious distinction in 2009 of meriting the number three position on Forbes magazine's list of "Top-Earning Dead Celebrities". Jackson's posthumous earnings of $90 million were surpassed only by Yves Saint-Laurent and Richard Rodgers and 'Oscar Hammerstein (II)' (as Rodgers & Hammerstein). Kept a pet chimpanzee, Bubbles. Jackson's music video "Liberian Girl" (1989) comprises what is arguably the most star-studded ensemble of cameos in pop music history. In order of appearance are: Beverly Johnson, Malcolm-Jamal Warner, Sherman Hemsley, Brigitte Nielsen, Paula Abdul, Carl Weathers, Whoopi Goldberg, Quincy Jones, Jackie Collins, Amy Irving, Jasmine Guy, Rosanna Arquette, Billy Dee Williams, Lou Diamond Phillips, Olivia Newton-John, John Travolta, Corey Feldman, Steven Spielberg, Deborah Gibson, Ricky Schroder, Blair Underwood, 'Weird Al' Yankovic, Bubbles, Suzanne Somers, Lou Ferrigno, Don King (and "Son"), Mayim Bialik, Virginia Madsen, David Copperfield, Emily and Richard Dreyfuss, Danny Glover, Olivia Hussey, Dan Aykroyd and Steve Guttenberg. Jackson appears only at the very end manning a camera on a crane. Directed by James Yukich. Ever since he was a boy, Michael Jackson was a fan of the Three Stooges, especially Curly Howard. In fact, for the Curly biography "Curly: An Illustrated Biography of the Superstooge" (Citadel Press, 1985), written by Curly's niece Joan Howard Maurer, Michael wrote the Foreward. The irony here is that both men died at roughly the same age: Curly at forty-eight, Michael at fifty. Fan of Fulham Football Club (English Premier League soccer club), based at Craven Cottage, Fulham, London, England. Fellow fans include Elizabeth Hurley, Lily Allen, Hugh Grant, Pierce Brosnan, Hugh Laurie, Benicio Del Toro, Daniel Radcliffe and Andrew Johnston. Performed live with Britney Spears in September, 2001. Together they performed Jackson's song "The Way You Make Me Feel" at the Michael Jackson: 30th Anniversary Special in Madison Square Garden. This was Jackson's last live performance of the song in front of an audience. Michael Jackson did sketches and drawings. Personal Quotes I can't think of a better way to spread the message of world peace than by working with the NFL and being part of Super Bowl XXVII. I don't like pop music. I'll always be Peter Pan in my heart. People think they know me, but they don't. Not really. Actually, I am one of the loneliest people on this earth. I cry sometimes, because it hurts. It does. To be honest, I guess you could say that it hurts to be me. "Just because you read it in a magazine or see it on a TV screen doesn't make it factual. To buy it is to feed it." - about tabloid magazines. I made a terrible mistake. I got caught up in the excitement of the moment. I would never intentionally endanger the lives of my children. "You ain't seen nothing yet, and the best is yet to come." (1999) There is a lot of sadness in my past life. My father beat me. It was difficult to take being beaten and then going on stage. He was strict; very hard and stern. Elizabeth Taylor used to feed me, to hand-feed me, at times. Please, I don't want anybody to think I'm starving, I'm not. My health is perfect, actually. I just want to say to fans in every corner of the earth, every nationality, every race, every language: I love you from the bottom of my heart. I would love your prayers and your goodwill, and please be patient and be with me and believe in me because I am completely, completely innocent. But please know a lot of conspiracy is going on as we speak. Marlon Brando has been pushing. He's a wonderful man. He's a god. He wants a lot of money. He wants to get things done right now. - On a video about acting which he was planning to make with Brando in 2001 Elizabeth Taylor is a warm cuddly blanket that I love to snuggle up to and cover myself with. I can confide in her and trust her. She's Mother Teresa, Princess Diana, the Queen of England, and Wendy. I trusted Martin Bashir to come into my life and that of my family because I wanted the truth to be told. Martin Bashir persuaded me to trust him that his would be an honest and fair portrayal of my life and told me that he was the man that turned Diana's life around. I am surprised that a professional journalist would compromise his integrity by deceiving me in this way. Today I feel more betrayed than perhaps ever before; that someone, who had got to know my children, my staff and me, whom I let into my heart and told the truth, could then sacrifice the trust I placed in him and produce this terrible and unfair programme. Everyone who knows me will know the truth which is that my children come first in my life and that I would never harm any child. I also want to thank my fans around the world for the overwhelming number of messages of support that I have received, particularly from Great Britain, where people have e-mailed me and said how appalled they were by the Bashir film. Their love and support has touched me greatly. I was coming out of the shower and I fell and all my body weight - I'm pretty fragile - all my body weight fell against my rib cage. And I bruised my lung very badly. I love my children. I was holding my son tight. Why would I throw a baby off the balcony? That's the dumbest, stupidest story I ever heard. I think that it's demeaning and disrespectful but I also want to make it clear it's not just about me but a pattern of disrespect that he has shown to our community. He needs to stop it and he needs to stop it now. - On Eminem's video for "Just Lose It I have spent my entire life helping millions of children across the world. I would never harm a child. It is unfortunate that some individuals have seen fit to come forward and make a complaint that is completely false. Years ago, I settled with certain individuals because I was concerned about my family and the media scrutiny that would have ensued if I fought the matter in court. These people wanted to exploit my concern for children by threatening to destroy what I believe in and what I do. I have been a vulnerable target for those who want money. I am always writing a potpourri of music. I want to give the world escapism through the wonder of great music and to reach the masses. I'm a visionary and a creative person. God blessed me with certain talents. I hate to use an analogy, but Walt Disney was creative but not good with business. His brother Roy handled the books. He loved creating family-oriented entertainment and so do I. I feel that was a gift and I have that gift also. I'm very honored to have been chosen. "When I saw him move I was mesmerized. I've never seen a performer perform like James Brown and right then and there I knew that that was what I wanted to do for the rest of my life. Success definitely brings on loneliness. People think you're lucky, that you have everything. They think you can go anywhere and do anything, but that's not the point. One hungers for the basic stuff. My father was a management genius. But what I really wanted was a dad. I've been in the entertainment industry since I was six-years-old ... As Charles Dickens says, 'It's been the best of times, the worst of times.' But I would not change my career ... While some have made deliberate attempts to hurt me, I take it in stride because I have a loving family, a strong faith and wonderful friends and fans who have, and continue, to support me. (2007) [on his career] It all went by so fast, didn't it? I wish I could do it all over again, I really do. [on refuting persistent rumors of skin surgery or bleaching] If I had a chance to talk to Michelangelo, I would ask him what inspired him to become who he is, the anatomy of his craftsmanship, not about who he dated last night or why he decided to sit out in the sun so long. When I was 16, we were doing Las Vegas every night, and Elvis Presley and Sammy Davis Jr. would sit me and my brothers in a row and lecture us. 'Don't ever do drugs,' they told us. I never forgot it. Music has been my outlet, my gift to all of the lovers in this world. Through it, my music, I know I will live forever. You have to have that tragedy, that pain to pull from. That's what makes a clown great. You can see he's hurting behind the masquerade. He's something else externally. Charles Chaplin did that so beautifully, better than anyone. I can play off those moments, too. I've been through the fire many times. I never had the chance to do the fun things kids do: sleepovers, parties, trick-or-treat. There was no Christmas, no holiday celebrating. So now you try to compensate for some of that loss. My father is a much nicer person now. I think he realizes his children are everything. Without your family, you have nothing. He's a nice human being. At one time, we'd be horrified if he just showed up. We were scared to death. He turned out really well. I wish it wasn't so late. I'm still fascinated by clouds and the sunset. I was making wishes on the rainbow yesterday. I saw the meteor shower. I made a wish every time I saw a shooting star. I have confidence in my abilities. I have real perseverance. Nothing can stop me when I put my mind to it. I never think about themes. I let the music create itself. I like it to be a potpourri of all kinds of sounds, all kinds of colors, something for everybody, from the farmer in Ireland to the lady who scrubs toilets in Harlem. I've had people come to me, and after meeting me, they start crying. I say, "Why are you crying?" They say, "Because I thought you would be stuck up, but you're the nicest person." I say, "Who gave you this judgment?" They tell me they read it. I tell them, "Don't you believe what you read." When I'm on stage, it's like a two-hour marathon. I weigh myself before and after each show, and I lose a good 10 pounds. Sweat is all over the stage. Then you get to your hotel and your adrenaline is at its zenith and you can't fall asleep. And you've got a show the next day. It's tough. [on calling himself the 'King of Pop'] I never self-proclaimed myself to be anything. If I called up Elizabeth Taylor right now, she would tell you that she coined the phrase. She was introducing me, I think at the American Music Awards, and said in her own words - it wasn't in the script - "I'm a personal fan, and in my opinion he is the king of pop, rock and soul." Then the press started saying "King of Pop" and the fans started. This self-proclaimed garbage, I don't know who said that. I sit in my room at home and sometimes cry. It's so hard to make friends. Sometimes I walk around the neighbourhood at night, just hoping to find someone to talk to. But I just end up coming home. [on being asked what he thought his funeral would be like in 2002] It's going to be the greatest show on Earth. That's what I want. Fireworks and everything. [on recording in Ireland in 2006] I've never given up on making music. Ireland has inspired me to make a great new album. If you enter this world knowing you are loved and you leave this world knowing the same, then everything that happens in between can be dealt with. I am the captain of my ship. I take suggestions and listen to what everyone has to say, but the final decision is mine. [on his father] He is a very jealous father. He isn't gonna show you love, but anybody that gets closer to us than him he would tell them, 'Leave my boys alone!' To tell you the truth, I never have felt close to him. He has always been like a mystery man. I would like some way to disappear where people don't see me anymore at some point. I don't want to grow old. I never want to look in the mirror and see that. The greatest education in the world is watching the masters at work. In a world filled with hate, we must still dare to hope. In a world filled with anger, we must still dare to comfort. In a world filled with despair, we must still dare to dream. And in a world filled with distrust, we must still dare to believe. Why can't you share your bed? The most loving thing you can do is share your bed with someone. It's very charming. It's very sweet. It's what the whole world should do. A star can never die. It just turns into a smile and melts back into the cosmic music, the dance of life. Where Are They Now (November 2003) Greatest hits compilation released on 17th November 2003, entitled "Michael Jackson: Number Ones", with one new song entitled "One More Chance". (November 2003) Arrested and charged with sexually abusing a 12-year-old boy. (February 2005) Trial for charges including molestation and intoxication of a minor begin. Expected to last at least 6 months. (June 2005) Acquitted on all charges in the child molestation and intoxication of a minor trial. (September 2005) Resides in Bahrain, a Muslim country that is located on the Southern part of Persian Gulf. (November 2006) Accepted Guinness World Record award for Greatest Album of all time, at London's Earls Court. (August 2011) Cardiff, Wales: Concert being planned to honor The King of Pop on October 8, 2011 at Millennium Stadium, featuring Aguilera, Christina, Robinson, Smokeey, Gree, Cee Lo and others. Filmography Jump to: Soundtrack | Actor | Music Department | Miscellaneous Crew | Producer | Composer | Writer | Director | Thanks | Self | Archive Footage Hide Soundtrack (143 titles) 2010-2012 No me la puc treure del cap (TV series) – Televisió i publicitat (2012) (performer: "Thriller") – Festa i ball (2012) (writer: "Billie Jean" / performer: "Billie Jean") – Mort i espiritualitat (2012) (performer: "Thriller") – La dansa del sabre (2011) (writer: "Will You Be There" / performer: "Will You Be There") – El meu avi (2010) (performer: "Thriller") 2011-2012 The Tonight Show with Jay Leno (TV series) – Episode #20.83 (2012) (writer: "Smooth Criminal") – Episode #20.62 (2011) (writer: "Billie Jean" - uncredited) – Episode #20.4 (2011) (writer: "Shake Your Body Down to the Ground" - uncredited) – Episode #19.188 (2011) (writer: "Shake Your Body Down to the Ground" - uncredited) – Episode #19.176 (2011) (writer: "Can You Feel It" - uncredited) See all 8 episodes » 2008-2012 Banda sonora (TV series) – Episode #8.6 (2012) (writer: "Black or White" / performer: "Black or White") – Episode #5.9 (2009) (writer: "Billie Jean" / performer: "Billie Jean") – Episode #5.3 (2009) (writer: "Bad" / performer: "Bad") – Episode #4.11 (2008) (performer: "Thriller") 2012 Glee (TV series) – Michael (2012) (writer: "Wanna Be Startin' Somethin'" - uncredited, "Bad" - uncredited, "Smooth Criminal" - uncredited, "Scream" - uncredited, "I Just Can't Stop Loving You" - uncredited, "Black or White" - uncredited) 2011 Generació D (TV documentary) (performer: "Man in the Mirror") 2011 Late Show with David Letterman (TV series) – Episode #19.39 (2011) (writer: "Beat It" - uncredited) – Episode #19.22 (2011) (writer: "Bad" - uncredited) – Episode #18.162 (2011) (writer: "Bad" - uncredited) 2008-2011 The X Factor (TV series) – Auditions 6 (2011) (performer: "Thriller" - uncredited) – Auditions 3 (2011) (performer: "Beat It" - uncredited) – Episode #7.17 (2010) (writer: "Beat It" / performer: "Thriller", "Beat It") – Episode #5.5 (2008) (performer: "Heal the World" - uncredited) – Episode #5.3 (2008) (performer: "Don't Stop 'til You Get Enough" - uncredited, "Scream" - uncredited) 2011 Celebrity Big Brother (TV series) – Episode #8.4 (2011) (performer: "Bad" - uncredited) 2011 Dancing Stars (TV series) – Episode #6.8 (2011) (writer: "I Just Can't Stop Loving You" - uncredited) – Episode #6.7 (2011) (writer: "Billie Jean") 2009-2011 American Idol (TV series) – Four Finalists Compete (2011) ("Earth Song") – 9 Finalists Compete (2011) ("Man in the Mirror") – Live Results Show: Two Contestants Eliminated (2009) (writer: "Shake Your Body Down to the Ground") 2011 Britain's Got More Talent (TV series) – Episode #5.3 (2011) (writer: "Will You Be There", "Heal the World" / performer: "Will You Be There", "Heal the World") 2011 Music Nuggets (TV series) – Episode dated 5 February 2011 (2011) (performer: "Hold My Hand") 2010 Das Supertalent (TV series) – Episode #4.9 (2010) (performer: "Black or White" - uncredited) – Episode #4.4 (2010) (performer: "Billie Jean" - uncredited) 2010 Hewy's Animated Movie Reviews (TV series) – Megamind (2010) (performer: "Bad") 2010 Megamind (writer: "Bad" / performer: "Bad") 2010 Formula 1: BBC Sport (TV series) – The Singapore Grand Prix (2010) (performer: "Thriller" - uncredited) – The Singapore Grand Prix: Highlights (2010) (performer: "Thriller" - uncredited) 2010 My Little Princess (performer: "Gone Too Soon") 2006-2010 20 to 1 (TV series documentary) – 80's Good, Bad & Ugly (2010) (writer: "Thriller", "Beat It", "Billie Jean", "We Are The World" / performer: "Thriller", "Beat It", "Billie Jean") – Adults Only 20 to 1: Movie Monsters (2010) (writer: "Thriller" - uncredited / performer: "Thriller" - uncredited) – Sizzling Superstars (2009) (writer: "Black or White" / performer: "Black or White", "In The Closet" / "In The Closet") – Child Stars: Where Are They Now? (2008) (performer: "Ben") – Amazing Moments in Music (2007) (writer: "Thriller" / performer: "Thriller") See all 6 episodes » 2010 Big Brother: UK (TV series) – The Final (2010) (writer: "Bad" - uncredited / performer: "Bad" - uncredited) 2009-2010 Dancing with the Stars (TV series) – Episode #10.4 (2010) (writer: "I Just Can't Stop Loving You" - uncredited) – Episode #10.1 (2010) (writer: "Can You Feel It" - uncredited) – Episode #9.8 (2009) (writer: "They Don't Care About Us" - uncredited) – Episode #9.6 (2009) (writer: "The Way You Make Me Feel" - uncredited) – Episode #9.4 (2009) (writer: "Wanna Be Startin' Somethin'" - uncredited) 2010 Premiya Muz-TV 2010 (TV movie) (writer: "Earth Song") 2010 Put Your Money Where Your Mouth Is (TV series) – Mark Franks v Paul Hayes: Showdown (2010) (writer: "Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough" - uncredited / performer: "Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough" - uncredited) 2010 Stuttgart Homicide (TV series) – Tödliche Falle (2010) (performer: "Thriller") 2009-2010 Live from Studio Five (TV series) – Episode #1.125 (2010) (writer: "Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough", "Bad" / performer: "Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough", "Bad", "Thriller") – Episode #1.109 (2010) (writer: "Bad" / performer: "Bad") – Episode #1.106 (2010) (writer: "Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough" / performer: "Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough") – Episode #1.93 (2010) (writer: "Earth Song") – Episode #1.90 (2010) (writer: "They Don't Care About Us" / performer: "They Don't Care About Us") See all 7 episodes » 2010 Skins (TV series) – JJ (2010) (performer: "Man in the Mirror" - uncredited) 2009-2010 Saturday Night Live (TV series) – Jennifer Lopez (2010) (writer: "We Are the World" - uncredited) – Taylor Lautner/Bon Jovi (2009) (writer: "Billie Jean" - uncredited) 2010 XV premio cinematográfico José María Forqué (TV movie) (writer: "They Don't Care About Us" / performer: "They Don't Care About Us") 2010 Dancing on Ice (TV series) – Preview Show (2010) (writer: "Can You Feel It" / performer: "Can You Feel It") 2009 De wereld draait door (TV series) – Episode #5.80 (2009) (writer: "You were there") 2009 Alesha Dixon: Who's Your Daddy? (TV documentary) (writer: "Billie Jean" / performer: "Billie Jean") 2009 Karaoke Revolution (Video Game) (performer: "Ben") 2009 This Is It (documentary) (writer: "They Don't Care About Us", "Wanna Be Startin' Somethin'", "Speechless", "Bad", "Smooth Criminal", "Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough", "Jam", "HIStory", "The Way You Make Me Feel", "Shake Your Body Down to the Ground", "I Just Can't Stop Loving You", "Threatened", "Who Is It", "Beat It", "Black or White", "Earth Song", "Billie Jean", "This Is It", "Heal the World" / performer: "They Don't Care About Us", "Wanna Be Startin' Somethin'", "Speechless", "Bad", "Smooth Criminal", "Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough", "Jam", "HIStory", "Human Nature", "The Way You Make Me Feel", "I'll Be There", "I Want You Back", "The Love You Save", "Shake Your Body Down to the Ground", "I Just Can't Stop Loving You", "Thriller", "Threatened", "Who Is It", "Beat It", "Black or White", "Earth Song", "Billie Jean", "Man in the Mirror", "This Is It", "Heal the World") 2009 Junior Eurosong 2009 (TV mini-series) – Episode #1.4 (2009) (performer: "Beat It") 2009 Wir sind Kaiser (TV series) – Episode #4.1 (2009) (writer: "Bad" / performer: "Bad") 2009 Entourage (TV series) – Berried Alive (2009) (performer: "I Wanna Be Where You Are" - uncredited) 2009 Welcome to the 80's (TV series documentary) – Charts, Clips und Kommerz (2009) (performer: "Thriller", "Billie Jean" - uncredited) – Postpunk und Neue Deutsche Welle (2009) (performer: "Wanna Be Startin' Somethin'" - uncredited) 2007-2009 So You Think You Can Dance (TV series) – Finale: Winner Announced (2009) (performer: "Brand New Day") – Two of 14 Voted Off (2009) (performer: "Brand New Day") – The Top 10 Perform (2008) (performer: "Jam") – Top 20 (2007) (performer: "Ease on Down the Road") 2009 Michael Jackson Memorial (TV movie) (performer: "Will You Be There") 2009 Loose Women (TV series) – Episode #13.203 (2009) (writer: "Billie Jean" / performer: "You Are Not Alone", "Billie Jean") 2009 This Morning (TV series) – Episode dated 26 June 2009 (2009) (performer: "Thriller") 2009 David Garrett Live in Berlin (TV movie) (writer: "Smooth Criminal") 2008-2009 Everybody Hates Chris (TV series) – Everybody Hates Lasagna (2009) (performer: "Smooth Criminal" - uncredited) – Everybody Hates Being Cool (2008) (performer: "Wanna Be Startin' Somethin") 2009 Familjen Babajou (TV series) – Del 1 (2009) (performer: "Rock With You") 2008 Karaoke Revolution Presents: American Idol Encore 2 (Video Game) (writer: "Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough") 2008 Guitar Hero World Tour (Video Game) ("Beat It") 2008 Dancing with the Stars (TV series) – Round 5 (2008) (performer: "The Way You Make Me Feel" - uncredited) 2008 Op zoek naar Joseph (TV series) – Live Show #4 (2008) (writer: "Beat it!") 2008 Por Toda Minha Vida (TV series documentary) – Chacrinha (2008) (writer: "Billie Jean" / performer: "Billie Jean") 2008 60/90 (TV series) – Els Beatles i el Cobi (2008) (writer: "They Don't Care About Us" / performer: "They Don't Care About Us") 2008 You Don't Mess with the Zohan (performer: "Somebody's Watching Me") 2008 Ashes to Ashes (TV series) – Episode #1.7 (2008) ("One Day In Your Life" - uncredited) 2008 So You Think You Can Dance Australia (TV series) – Top 18 Results (2008) (performer: "Wanna Be Startin' Something", "PYT Pretty Young Thing") 2008 27 Dresses (writer: "Don't Stop 'til You Get Enough" / performer: "Don't Stop 'til You Get Enough") 2008 Witnessing Headlines (documentary) ("Bille Jean", "Thriller", "We are the world", "They don't really care about us") 2007 L'isola dei famosi 5 (TV series) – Episode dated 5 December 2007 (2007) (performer: "Thriller") 2007 TV Land Confidential (TV series documentary) – Music (2007) (performer: "Ben") 2007 It Takes Two (TV series) – Series 2 Grand Final (2007) (writer: "Can You Feel It") 2007 Remember the Daze (writer: "Whatchya Talkin Bout") 2007 Are We Done Yet? (writer: "Workin' Day and Night" / performer: "Workin' Day and Night") 2006 Yu-Gi-Oh! The Abridged Series (TV series) – Duel of the Dead (2006) (performer: "Thriller" - uncredited) 2006 L'isola dei famosi - Honduras (TV series) 2006 Saturday Night Live: The Best of Saturday TV Funhouse (video) (writer: "Don't Stop 'til You Get Enough" - uncredited) 2005 The Work of Director Mark Romanek (video documentary) (performer: "Scream") 2005 Cold Case (TV series) – Time to Crime (2005) (performer: "Man In The Mirror") 2004 Karaoke Revolution Volume 3 (Video Game) ("Beat It") 2004 13 Going on 30 (performer: "Thriller") 2003 Karaoke Revolution (Video Game) ("Billie Jean", "Smooth Criminal") 2003 I Love the '80s Strikes Back (TV series documentary) – 1987 (2003) (performer: "Bad") – 1980 (2003) (performer: "Rock With You") 2003 'Weird Al' Yankovic: The Ultimate Video Collection (video) ("Fat", "Eat It") 2003 Living with Michael Jackson: A Tonight Special (TV special documentary) (writer: "Billie Jean", "Bad", "Smooth Criminal" / performer: "Billie Jean", "Bad", "Human Nature", "Thriller", "Smile", "Smooth Criminal", "I'll Be There", "Music and Me") 2002 I Love the '80s (TV series documentary) – 1983 (2002) (performer: "Thriller") 2002 Grand Theft Auto: Vice City (Video Game) (performer: "Billie Jean", "Wanna Be Startin' Somethin'") 2002 Drumline (writer: "Can You Feel It" / performer: "Been Away") 2002 Undercover Brother (writer: "Beat It" / performer: "Beat It") 2002 ARFF (short) (writer: "Song #3") 2001 Zoolander (writer: "Beat It" / performer: "Beat It") 2001 You Rock My World (TV short) (writer: "You Rock My World" / performer: "You Rock My World") 2001 American Pie 2 (writer: "Smooth Criminal") 2001 Rush Hour 2 (writer: "Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough" / performer: "Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough") 2000 Charlie's Angels (writer: "Billie Jean" / performer: "Billie Jean") 2000 Center Stage (writer: "The Way You Make Me Feel" / performer: "The Way You Make Me Feel") 2000 Juggalo Championshxt Wrestling Volume 1 (video) ("Fat") 1999 Buffy the Vampire Slayer (TV series) – The Zeppo (1999) (performer: "Wanna Be Startin' Somethin'" - uncredited) 1999 'Weird Al' Yankovic Live! (video) ("Eat It", "Fat") 1992-1998 Mystery Science Theater 3000 (TV series) – Quest of the Delta Knights (1998) (writer: "Bad" - uncredited) – Warrior of the Lost World (1993) (writer: "We Are the World" - uncredited) – Crash of Moons (1992) (writer: "Bad" - uncredited) 1998 Rush Hour (writer: "Another Part of Me" / performer: "Another Part of Me") 1991-1998 The Simpsons (TV series) – Simpson Tide (1998) (writer: "Do the Bartman") – Stark Raving Dad (1991) (writer: "Happy Birthday, Lisa" - uncredited, "Billie Jean" - uncredited, "Beat It" - uncredited) 1997 Red Corner (performer: Video clip of "Blood On The Dance Floor" / courtesy: Video clip of "Blood On The Dance Floor") 1997 Nothing to Lose (writer: "Wanna Be Startin' Something") 1997/I Ghosts (short) (writer: "2 BAD", "GHOST" / performer: "GHOST" / producer: "2 BAD", "GHOST") 1997 Happy Birthday Elizabeth: A Celebration of Life (TV special) (writer: "Elizabeth, I Love You" - uncredited / performer: "Elizabeth, I Love You" - uncredited) 1996 Get on the Bus (performer: "On The Line") 1996 Sunset Park (writer: "Keep On Keepin' On" / as M. Jackson) 1996 Brit Awards 1996 (TV special) (performer: "Earth Song", "Thriller' - uncredited, "You Are Not Alone") 1996 'Weird Al' Yankovic: The Videos (video) ("Eat It") 1995 Television's Greatest Performances I (TV special) (performer: "Billie Jean") 1995 Free Willy 2: The Adventure Home (writer: "Childhood Theme from 'Free Willy 2'" / performer: "Childhood Theme from 'Free Willy 2'" / producer: "Childhood Theme from 'Free Willy 2'") 1995 Without Walls (TV series documentary) – J'accuse: The Vegetarians (1995) ("Eat It" - uncredited) 1994 The Secrets of Sarah Jane/Sana'y mapatawad mo (performer: "Dirty Diana") 1994 Monte Video (TV series) – Der Fluch (1994) (performer: "Thriller" - uncredited) 1993 Married with Children (TV series) – Hood in the Boyz (1993) (writer: "Beat It" / performer: "Beat It") 1993 The Meteor Man (writer: "Can't Let Her Get Away" / performer: "Can't Let Her Get Away") 1993 Free Willy (writer: "Will You Be There" / performer: "Will You Be There" / producer: "Will You Be There") 1992 Marienhof (TV series) – Inges Vater (1992) (performer: "Black Or White" - uncredited) 1992 Forsthaus Falkenau (TV series) – Der Schützenkönig (1992) (performer: "Bad") 1992 Kahit buhay ko (writer: "Remember the Time" / performer: "Remember the Time") 1991 Kaun Kare Kurbanie (performer: "Bad") 1990 Do the Bartman (TV short) (writer: "Do the Bartman" / producer: "Do the Bartman") 1990 Ibabaon kita sa lupa (performer: "Bad") 1990 The Cream of Eric Clapton (video documentary) (writer: "Behind the Mask") 1990 Tohuwabohu (TV series) – The Best of Last Songs (writer: "We Are the World" - uncredited) 1989 Back to the Future Part II (writer: "Beat It" / performer: "Beat It") 1989 The Super Mario Bros. Super Show! (TV series) – Magician/Count Koopula (1989) (performer: "Thriller") – Day of the Orphan/King Mario of Cramalot (1989) (writer: "Bad" - uncredited / performer: "Bad" - uncredited) 1989 Otto - Der Außerfriesische ("The Way You Make Me Feel") 1989 Der Landarzt (TV series) – Der Spieler (1989) (performer: "The Way You Make Me Feel") 1989 O stragalistis tis sygrou (video) (writer: "Smooth Criminal" - uncredited / performer: "Smooth Criminal" - uncredited) 1988 Moonwalker (writer: "Shake Your Body Down to the Ground", "Can You Feel It", "Beat It", "Billie Jean", "State of Shock", "We Are the World", "The Way You Make Me Feel", "Dirty Diana", "Bad", "Speed Demon", "Leave Me Alone", "Smooth Criminal", "Dont Stop 'Til You Get Enough" / performer: "Man in the Mirror", "Music and Me", "Ben", "Rock With You", "Human Nature", "Beat It", "Thriller", "Billie Jean", "The Way You Make Me Feel", "Dirty Diana", "Bad", "Speed Demon", "Leave Me Alone", "Smooth Criminal", "Come Together", "Dont Stop 'Til You Get Enough") 1987 Superman (writer: "Beat It" / performer: "Beat It") 1987 DTV Monster Hits (TV movie) (performer: "Thriller") 1987 Bad (video short) (writer: "Bad" / performer: "Bad") 1986 Playing for Keeps (writer: "MUSCLES") 1986 Captain EO (short) (writer: "We Are Here to Change the World", "Another Part of Me" / performer: "We Are Here to Change the World", "Another Part of Me") 1986 Lola (writer: "La canción de los Pitufos", "Billy Jean" / as Michel Jackson / performer: "Billy Jean" / as Michel Jackson) 1986 The Making of 'Captain Eo' (TV special documentary) ("We Are Here to Change The World") 1985 I Have Three Hands (writer: "Maid in the Philippines") 1985 Der Leihopa (TV series) – Das Rumpelstilzchen (1985) (performer: "Wanna Be Startin' Somethin'") 1984 Patrik Pacard (TV mini-series) – Teil 6 (1984) (music: "Beat It" - uncredited / lyrics: "Beat It" - uncredited / performer: "Beat It" - uncredited) 1984 Shake, Rattle & Roll (writer: "Billie Jean" / performer: "Thriller", "Billie Jean") 1984 1st & Ten: The Championship (TV series) – By the Bulls (Pilot) (1984) (performer: "Billie Jean", "Beat It") 1984 Starrcade (video) (writer: "Beat It" / performer: "Beat It") 1984 Fame (TV series) – The Heart of Rock 'N' Roll (1984) (writer: "Tell Me I'm Not Dreamin' Too Good to Be True") – Fame Looks at Music '83 (1984) (writer: "Beat It", "Baby Be Mine", "Billie Jean") 1984 Revenge of the Nerds (performer: "THRILLER" / producer: "THRILLER") 1984 Young Girls Do (writer: "Beat It" - uncredited) 1983 Thriller (TV short) (performer: "Thriller" / producer: "Thriller") 1983 The Chipmunks (TV series) 1981 Modern Romance (performer: "SHE'S OUT OF MY LIFE") 1980 In Our Lives (TV series) 1979 Skatetown, U.S.A. (writer: "Shake Your Body Down to the Ground") 1978 The Wiz (performer: "You Can't Win, You Can't Break Even", "Ease On Down The Road #1", "Ease On Down The Road #2", "Ease On Down The Road #3", "Be A Lion", "Everybody Rejoice/A Brand New Day") 1974 Free to Be... You & Me (TV movie) (performer: "When We Grow Up") 1973 The 45th Annual Academy Awards (TV special) (performer: "Ben") 1972 The Sonny and Cher Comedy Hour (TV series) – Episode #3.1 (1972) (performer: "Ben") 1972 Ben (performer: "Ben") OFF THE WALL Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough Rock With You Working Day And Night Get On the Floor Off The Wall Girlfriend She's Out Of My Life I Can't Help It It's The Falling In Love Burn This Disco Out THRILLER Wanna Be Startin' Somethin' Baby Be Mine The Girl Is Mine Thriller Beat It Billie Jean Human Nature P.Y.T. (Pretty Young Thing) The Lady In My Life Thriller - Special Edition Extra Tracks Someone In The Dark (From E.T Storybook) Carousel Thriller - 25th Anniversary Special Extra Tracks The Girl Is Mine 2008 with will.i.am P.Y.T (Pretty Young Thing) 2008 with will.i.am Wanna Be Startin' Somethin' 2008 with AKON Beat It 2008 with Fergie Billie Jean 2008 - Kanye West remix For All Time (previously unreleased track from Thriller recording sessions). BAD Bad The Way You Make Me Feel Speed Demon Liberian Girl Just Good Friends Another Part Of Me Man In The Mirror I Just Can't Stop Loving You Dirty Diana Smooth Criminal Leave Me Alone Bad - Special Edition Extra Tracks Street Walker Todo Mi Amor Eres Tu (I Just Can't Stop Loving You - In Spanish) Fly Away DANGEROUS Jam Why You Wanna Trip On Me In The Closet She Drives Me Wild Remember The Time Can't Let Her Get Away Heal The World Black Or White Who Is It Give In To Me Will You Be There Keep The Faith Gone Too Soon Dangerous HIStory - Past, Present And Future - Book 1 Scream They Don't Care About Us Stranger In Moscow This Time Around Earth Song D.S. Money Come Together You Are Not Alone Childhood Tabloid Junkie 2 Bad HIStory Little Susie Smile Blood On The Dance Floor - HIStory In The Mix Blood On The Dance Floor Morphine Superfly Sister Ghosts Is It Scary? Other tracks on this album are just remixes and therefore not included. Invincible Unbreakable Heartbreaker Invincible Break Of Dawn Heaven Can Wait You Rock My World Butterflies Speechless 2000 Watts You Are My Life Privacy Don't Walk Away Cry The Lost Children Whatever Happens Threatened (from Amazon.com) Ultimate Collection Only the Previously Unreleased songs. Ease On Down The Road (From The Wiz) You Can't Win (From The Wiz) Sunset Driver (Demo) Scared Of The Moon (Demo) We Are The World (Solo Demo Version) We Are Here To Change The World (From Captain Eo) Cheater Monkey Business Someone Put Your Hand Out On The Line (Ghosts Video Box Set) Fall Again (Demo) In The Back (Demo) Beautiful Girl (Demo) The Way You Love Me We've Had Enough Other Michael Jackson Song Lyrics One More Chance -A single and also a track on the "Number Ones" Album Mind Is The Magic (On Siegfried and Roy "Dreams & Illusions") Say Say Say ( Duet with Paul McCartney) SHOUT (B side of the single Cry) Get It (Duet With Stevie Wonder ) The Man (With Paul McCartney) Performed Live: Elizabeth, I Love You (sung live for a tribute to Elizabeth Taylor) You Where There (sung live for a tribute to Sammy Davis Jr.) What More Can I Give Unreleased Songs: If You Dont Love Me Dangerous Era Love Never Felt So Good Thriller Era Niteline Serious Effect Xscape There Must Be More To Life Than This (Duet with Freddie Mercury) Trouble Whatzupwitu (Duet with Eddie Murphy) Posthumous Releases: This Is It (First single released after death) Michael Jackson From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search For other people named Michael Jackson, see Michael Jackson (disambiguation). Michael Jackson Jackson at the White House in 1984 Background information Birth name Michael Joseph Jackson[1] Also known as Michael Joe Jackson, MJ, King of Pop Born August 29, 1958 Gary, Indiana, U.S. Died June 25, 2009 (aged 50) Los Angeles, California, U.S. Genres R&B, pop, rock, soul, dance, funk, disco, new jack swing Occupations Singer-songwriter, musician, composer, dancer, choreographer, record producer, actor, businessman, philanthropist Instruments Vocals Years active 1964–2009 Labels Motown, Epic, Legacy, MJJ Productions Associated acts The Jackson 5 Website michaeljackson.com Michael Joseph Jackson[1] (August 29, 1958 – June 25, 2009) was an American recording artist, entertainer, and businessman. Often referred to as the King of Pop, or by his initials MJ,[2] Jackson is recognized as the most successful entertainer of all time by Guinness World Records. His contribution to music, dance, and fashion, along with a much-publicized personal life, made him a global figure in popular culture for over four decades. The seventh child of the Jackson family, he debuted on the professional music scene along with his brothers as a member of The Jackson 5, then the Jacksons in 1964, and began his solo career in 1971. In the early 1980s, Jackson became a dominant figure in popular music. The music videos for his songs, including those of "Beat It", "Billie Jean", and "Thriller", were credited with transforming the medium into an art form and a promotional tool, and the popularity of these videos helped to bring the relatively new television channel MTV to fame. Videos such as "Black or White" and "Scream" made him a staple on MTV in the 1990s. Through stage performances and music videos, Jackson popularized a number of complicated dance techniques, such as the robot and the moonwalk, to which he gave the name. His distinctive musical sound and vocal style have influenced numerous hip hop, post-disco, contemporary R&B, pop and rock artists. Jackson's 1982 album Thriller is the best-selling album of all time. His other records, including Off the Wall (1979), Bad (1987), Dangerous (1991), and HIStory (1995), also rank among the world's best-selling. Jackson is one of the few artists to have been inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame twice. He was also inducted into the Dance Hall of Fame as the first (and currently only) dancer from the world of pop and rock 'n' roll. Some of his other achievements include multiple Guinness World Records; 13 Grammy Awards (as well as the Grammy Legend Award and the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award); 26 American Music Awards (more than any other artist, including the "Artist of the Century"); 13 number-one singles in the United States in his solo career (more than any other male artist in the Hot 100 era); and the estimated sale of over 750 million records worldwide. Jackson won hundreds of awards, which have made him the most-awarded recording artist in the history of popular music.[3] He was also one of the world's most prominent humanitarians and philanthropists; personally, and through his Heal the World Foundation, he donated more than 300 million dollars in charity, and held the Guinness World Record for having supported the most charities out of any pop star.[4][5] Aspects of Jackson's personal life, including his changing appearance, personal relationships, and behavior, have generated controversy. In 1993, he was accused of child sexual abuse, but the case was settled out of court and no formal charges were brought. In 2005, he was tried and acquitted of further child sexual abuse allegations and several other charges after the jury found him not guilty on all counts. While preparing for his concert series titled This Is It, Jackson died of acute propofol and benzodiazepine intoxication on June 25, 2009, after suffering from cardiac arrest. The Los Angeles County Coroner ruled his death a homicide, and his personal physician was convicted of involuntary manslaughter. Jackson's death triggered a global outpouring of grief, and as many as one billion people around the world reportedly watched his public memorial service on live television. In March 2010, Sony Music Entertainment signed a $250 million deal with Jackson's estate to retain distribution rights to his recordings until 2017, and to release seven posthumous albums over the decade following his death.[6] Contents [hide] 1 Life and career 1.1 Early life and The Jackson 5 (1958–1975) 1.2 Move to Epic and Off the Wall (1975–81) 1.3 Thriller and Motown 25 (1982–83) 1.4 Pepsi, "We Are the World" and business career (1984–85) 1.5 Appearance, tabloids, Bad, films, autobiography and Neverland (1986–90) 1.6 Dangerous, Heal the World Foundation and Super Bowl XXVII (1991–93) 1.7 First child sexual abuse allegations and first marriage (1993–94) 1.8 HIStory, second marriage and fatherhood (1995–99) 1.9 Label dispute, Invincible and third child (2000–03) 1.10 Second child sexual abuse allegations and acquittal (2003–05) 1.11 Closure of Neverland, final years and This Is It (2006–09) 2 Death and memorial 2.1 Death aftermath 3 Artistry 3.1 Influences 3.2 Musical themes and genres 3.3 Vocal style 3.4 Music videos and choreography 4 Legacy and influence 5 Honors and awards 6 Lifetime earnings 7 Discography 8 Filmography 9 Tours 10 See also 11 References 12 Further reading 13 External links Life and career Early life and The Jackson 5 (1958–1975) Jackson's childhood home in Gary, Indiana, showing floral tributes after his death Jackson (center) as a member of The Jackson 5 in 1972 Michael Jackson was born on August 29, 1958, the eighth of ten children in an African American working-class family who lived in a small 3-room house in Gary, Indiana,[7] an industrial city near Chicago. His mother, Katherine Esther Scruse, was a devout Jehovah's Witness, and his father, Joseph Walter "Joe" Jackson, was a steel mill worker who performed with an R&B band called The Falcons. Jackson had three sisters: Rebbie, La Toya, and Janet, and five brothers: Jackie, Tito, Jermaine, Marlon, and Randy.[8] A sixth brother, Brandon, died shortly after birth.[9] Jackson had a troubled relationship with his father, Joe.[10][11][12] Joseph acknowledged in 2003 that he regularly whipped Jackson as a boy.[12] Jackson stated that he was physically and emotionally abused during incessant rehearsals, though he also credited his father's strict discipline with playing a large role in his success.[10] Jackson first spoke openly about his childhood abuse in an interview with Oprah Winfrey, broadcast in February 1993. He admitted that he had often cried from loneliness and he would vomit on the sight of his father. Jackson's father was also said to have verbally abused Jackson, saying that he had a fat nose on numerous occasions.[13] In fact, Michael Jackson's deep dissatisfaction with his appearance, his nightmares and chronic sleep problems, his tendency to remain hyper-compliant especially with his father, and to remain child-like throughout his adult life are in many ways consistent with the effects of this chronic maltreatment he endured as a young child.[14] In an interview with Martin Bashir, later included in the 2003 broadcast of Living with Michael Jackson, Jackson acknowledged that his father hurt him when he was a child, but was nonetheless a "genius", as he admitted his father's strict discipline played a huge role in his success. When Bashir dismissed the positive remark and continued asking about beatings, Jackson put his hand over his face and objected to the questions. He recalled that Joseph sat in a chair with a belt in his hand as he and his siblings rehearsed, and that "if you didn't do it the right way, he would tear you up, really get you".[15][16] In 1964, Michael and Marlon joined the Jackson Brothers—a band formed by brothers Jackie, Tito, and Jermaine—as backup musicians playing congas and tambourine. Jackson later began performing backup vocals and dancing. When he was eight, Jackson began sharing the lead vocals with his older brother Jermaine, and the group's name was changed to The Jackson 5.[8] The band toured the Midwest extensively from 1966 to 1968, frequently performing at a string of black clubs known as the "chitlin' circuit", where they often opened stripteases and other adult acts. In 1966, they won a major local talent show with renditions of Motown hits and James Brown's "I Got You (I Feel Good)", led by Michael.[17] The Jackson 5 recorded several songs, including "Big Boy", for the local record label Steeltown in 1967, before signing with Motown Records in 1968.[8] Rolling Stone magazine later described the young Michael as "a prodigy" with "overwhelming musical gifts," writing that he "quickly emerged as the main draw and lead singer."[18] The group set a chart record when its first four singles ("I Want You Back", "ABC", "The Love You Save", and "I'll Be There") peaked at number one on the Billboard Hot 100.[8] Between 1972 and 1975, Michael released four solo studio albums with Motown, among them Got to Be There and Ben, released as part of the Jackson 5 franchise, and producing successful singles such as "Got to Be There", "Ben", and a remake of Bobby Day's "Rockin' Robin". The Jackson 5 "became a cutting-edge example of black crossover artists... five working-class black boys with afros and bell bottoms, and they really didn't have to trade any of that stuff in order to become mainstream stars."[19] The group's sales began declining in 1973, and the band members chafed under Motown's strict refusal to allow them creative control or input. Although they scored several top 40 hits, including the top 5 disco single "Dancing Machine" and the top 20 hit "I Am Love", the Jackson 5 left Motown in 1975.[20] Move to Epic and Off the Wall (1975–81) In June 1975, the Jackson 5 signed with Epic Records, a subsidiary of CBS Records[20] and renamed themselves the Jacksons. Younger brother Randy formally joined the band around this time, while Jermaine left to pursue a solo career.[21] They continued to tour internationally, releasing six more albums between 1976 and 1984, during which Michael was the lead songwriter, writing hits such as "Shake Your Body (Down to the Ground)", "This Place Hotel," and "Can You Feel It".[17] In 1978, he starred as the scarecrow in the musical, The Wiz, a box-office disaster. It was here that he teamed up with Quincy Jones, who was arranging the film's musical score. Jones agreed to produce Jackson's next solo album, Off the Wall.[22] In 1979, Jackson broke his nose during a complex dance routine. His subsequent rhinoplasty was not a complete success; he complained of breathing difficulties that would affect his career. He was referred to Dr. Steven Hoefflin, who performed Jackson's second rhinoplasty and subsequent operations.[23] Jones and Jackson produced the Off the Wall album together. Songwriters for the album included Jackson, Rod Temperton, Stevie Wonder, and Paul McCartney. Released in 1979, it was the first solo album to generate four U.S. top 10 hits, including the chart-topping singles "Don't Stop 'til You Get Enough" and "Rock with You".[24][25] It reached number three on the Billboard 200 and eventually sold over 20 million copies worldwide.[26] In 1980, Jackson won three awards at the American Music Awards for his solo efforts: Favorite Soul/R&B Album, Favorite Soul/R&B Male Artist, and Favorite Soul/R&B Single for "Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough".[27][28] That year, he also won Billboard Year-End for Top Black Artist and Top Black Album and a Grammy Award for Best Male R&B Vocal Performance, also for "Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough".[24] Jackson again won at the American Music Awards in 1981 for Favorite Soul/R&B Album and Favorite Soul/R&B Male Artist.[29] Despite its commercial success, Jackson felt Off the Wall should have made a much bigger impact, and was determined to exceed expectations with his next release.[30] In 1980, he secured the highest royalty rate in the music industry: 37 percent of wholesale album profit.[31] Thriller and Motown 25 (1982–83) In 1982, Jackson contributed the song "Someone In the Dark" to the storybook for the film E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial; the record won a Grammy for Best Recording for Children in 1984. In the same year he won another seven Grammys and eight American Music Awards (including the Award of Merit, the youngest artist to win it), making him the most awarded in one night for both award shows.[32][33] These awards were thanks to the Thriller album, released in late 1982, which was 1983's best-selling album worldwide[34][35] and became the best-selling album of all time in the United States,[36] as well as the best-selling album of all time worldwide, selling an estimated 110 million copies so far.[37] The album topped the Billboard 200 chart for 37 weeks and was in the top 10 of the 200 for 80 consecutive weeks. It was the first album to have seven Billboard Hot 100 top 10 singles, including "Billie Jean", "Beat It," and "Wanna Be Startin' Somethin'."[38] Thriller was certified for 29 million shipments by the RIAA, giving it Double Diamond status in the United States. The album won also another Grammy for Best Engineered Recording – Non Classical in 1984, awarding Bruce Swedien for his work.[39] Jackson's attorney John Branca noted that Jackson had the highest royalty rate in the music industry at that point: approximately $2 for every album sold. He was also making record-breaking profits from sales of his recordings. The videocassette of the documentary The Making of Michael Jackson's Thriller sold over 350,000 copies in a few months. The era saw the arrival of novelties like dolls modeled after Michael Jackson, which appeared in stores in May 1984 at a price of $12.[40] Biographer J. Randy Taraborrelli writes that, "Thriller stopped selling like a leisure item—like a magazine, a toy, tickets to a hit movie—and started selling like a household staple."[41] In 1985, The Making of Michael Jackson's Thriller won a Grammy for Best Music Video, Longform.[32] In December 2009, the music video for "Thriller" was selected for the National Film Registry by the Library of Congress, "Thriller" is the first music video ever to be inducted.[42][43][44] Time described Jackson's influence at that point as "Star of records, radio, rock video. A one-man rescue team for the music business. A songwriter who sets the beat for a decade. A dancer with the fanciest feet on the street. A singer who cuts across all boundaries of taste and style and color too".[40] The New York Times wrote that, "in the world of pop music, there is Michael Jackson and there is everybody else".[45] In March 1983, Jackson reunited with his brothers for a legendary live performance which was taped for a Motown 25: Yesterday, Today, Forever television special. The show aired on May 16, 1983, to an audience of 47 million viewers, and featured the Jacksons and a number of other Motown stars. It is best remembered for Jackson's solo performance of "Billie Jean". Wearing a distinctive black sequin jacket and golf glove decorated with rhinestones, he debuted his signature dance move, the moonwalk, which former Soul Train dancer and Shalamar member Jeffrey Daniel had taught him three years before. The Jacksons' performance drew comparisons to Elvis Presley's and The Beatles' appearances on The Ed Sullivan Show.[46] Anna Kisselgoff of The New York Times later wrote, "The moonwalk that he made famous is an apt metaphor for his dance style. How does he do it? As a technician, he is a great illusionist, a genuine mime. His ability to keep one leg straight as he glides while the other bends and seems to walk requires perfect timing."[47] Pepsi, "We Are the World" and business career (1984–85) Jackson with a Knott's Berry Farm Snoopy mascot in April 1984 On January 27, 1984, Michael and other members of the Jacksons filmed a Pepsi Cola commercial, overseen by executive Phil Dusenberry,[48] from ad agency BBDO and Pepsi's Worldwide Creative Director, Alan Pottasch at the Shrine Auditorium in Los Angeles. In front of a full house of fans during a simulated concert, pyrotechnics accidentally set Jackson's hair on fire. He suffered second-degree burns to his scalp. Jackson underwent treatment to hide the scars on his scalp, and he also had his third rhinoplasty shortly thereafter.[23] Jackson never recovered from this injury. Pepsi settled out of court, and Jackson donated his $1.5 million settlement to the Brotman Medical Center in Culver City, California, which now has a "Michael Jackson Burn Center" in honor of his donation.[49] Dusenberry later recounted the episode in his memoir, Then We Set His Hair on Fire: Insights and Accidents from a Hall of Fame Career in Advertising. On May 14, 1984, Jackson was invited to the White House to receive an award from President Ronald Reagan for his support of charities that helped people overcome alcohol and drug abuse.[50] Jackson won eight awards during the Grammys that year. Unlike later albums, Thriller did not have an official tour to promote it, but the 1984 Victory Tour, headlined by The Jacksons, showcased much of Jackson's new solo material to more than two million Americans. He donated all the funds (around $8 million) raised from the Victory Tour to charity.[51] He also co-wrote the charity single "We Are the World" in 1985 with Lionel Richie, which was released worldwide to aid the poor in the U.S. and Africa. It became one of the best-selling singles of all time, with nearly 30 million copies sold and millions of dollars donated to famine relief. In 1986, "We Are the World" won four Grammys (one for Jackson for Song of the Year). American Music Award directors removed the charity song from the competition because they felt it would be inappropriate, but recognized it with two special honors (one for the creation of the song and one for the USA for Africa idea). They are the only AMAs that Jackson won as non-solo artist.[52][53][54][55] Jackson at the White House South Portico with President Ronald Reagan and first lady Nancy Reagan, 1984 In 1984, ATV Music Publishing, which had the copyrights to nearly 4000 songs, including the Northern Songs catalog that contained the majority of the Lennon–McCartney compositions recorded by The Beatles, was put up for sale by Robert Holmes à Court.[56] Jackson had become interested in owning music catalogs after working with Paul McCartney in the early 1980s: Jackson had learned McCartney made approximately $40 million a year from other people's songs.[57] In 1981,[58] McCartney was offered the ATV music catalog for £20 million ($40 million).[57][59] According to McCartney, he contacted Yoko Ono about making a joint purchase by splitting the cost equally at £10 million each, but Ono thought they could buy it for £5 million each.[57][59] When they were unable to make the joint purchase, McCartney let the offer fall through, not wanting to be the sole owner of the Beatles' songs.[58][59] According to a negotiator for Holmes à Court in the 1984 sale, "We had given Paul McCartney first right of refusal but Paul didn't want it at that time."[60] Also, an attorney for McCartney assured Jackson's attorney, John Branca, that McCartney was not interested in bidding: McCartney reportedly said "It's too pricey"[57][58] But there were several other companies and investors bidding. In September 1984, Jackson was first informed about the sale by Branca and sent a bid of $46 million on November 20, 1984.[56] Jackson's agents thought they had a deal several times, but encountered new bidders or new areas of debate.[56] In May 1985, Jackson's team walked away from talks after having spent over $1 million on four months of due diligence and on the negotiations.[56] In June 1985, Jackson and Branca learned that Charles Koppelman's and Marty Bandier's The Entertainment Co. had made a tentative agreement with Holmes à Court to buy ATV Music for $50 million.[56] But in early August, Holmes à Court's team contacted Jackson and talks resumed. Jackson raised his bid to $47.5 million and it was accepted because he could close the deal more quickly, having already completed due diligence of ATV Music.[56] He also agreed to visit Holmes à Court in Australia, where he would appear on the Channel Seven Perth Telethon.[56][60] Jackson's purchase of ATV Music was finalized August 10, 1985.[56] Appearance, tabloids, Bad, films, autobiography and Neverland (1986–90) See also: Michael Jackson's health and appearance Jackson's skin had been a medium-brown color for the entire duration of his youth, but starting in the mid 1980s, it gradually grew paler. The change gained widespread media coverage, including rumors that he might be bleaching his skin.[61] According to J. Randy Taraborrelli's biography, in 1986, Jackson was diagnosed with vitiligo and lupus; the vitiligo partially lightened his skin, and the lupus was in remission; both illnesses made him sensitive to sunlight. The treatments he used for his condition further lightened his skin tone, and, with the application of pancake makeup to even out blotches, he could appear very pale.[62] Jackson was also diagnosed with vitiligo in his autopsy.[63] By the mid 1990s several surgeons speculated that he had undergone various nasal surgeries, had fat removed around the eyes, a forehead lift, thinned lips, and cheekbone surgery—although Jackson denied this and insisted that he only had surgery on his nose.[64] Jackson claimed that he had only two rhinoplasties and no other surgery on his face, although at one point he mentioned having a dimple created in his chin.[65] Jackson lost weight in the early 1980s because of a change in diet and a desire for "a dancer's body".[65] Witnesses reported that he was often dizzy and speculated that he was suffering from anorexia nervosa; periods of weight loss would become a recurring problem later in life.[66] During the course of his treatment, Jackson made two close friends: his dermatologist, Dr. Arnold Klein, and Klein's nurse Debbie Rowe. Rowe eventually became Jackson's second wife and the mother of his two eldest children. Long before becoming romantically involved with her, Jackson relied heavily on Rowe for emotional support. He also relied heavily on Klein, for medical and business advice.[67] Jackson two years after he was diagnosed with vitiligo, here in the early stages of the disease Jackson became the subject of increasingly sensational reports. In 1986, the tabloids ran a story claiming that Jackson slept in a hyperbaric oxygen chamber to slow the aging process; he was pictured lying down in a glass box. Although the claim was untrue, according to tabloid reports that are widely cited, Jackson had disseminated the fabricated story himself.[68][69] When Jackson bought a chimpanzee called Bubbles from a laboratory, he was reported to be increasingly detached from reality.[70] It was reported that Jackson had offered to buy the bones of Joseph Merrick (the "elephant man") and although untrue, Jackson did not deny the story.[68][69] Although initially he saw these stories as opportunities for publicity, he stopped leaking untruths to the press as they became more sensational. Consequently the media began making up their own stories.[69][71][72] These reports became embedded in the public consciousness, inspiring the nickname "Wacko Jacko," which Jackson came to despise.[73] Responding to the gossip, Jackson remarked to Taraborrelli: Why not just tell people I'm an alien from Mars. Tell them I eat live chickens and do a voodoo dance at midnight. They'll believe anything you say, because you're a reporter. But if I, Michael Jackson, were to say, "I'm an alien from Mars and I eat live chickens and do a voodoo dance at midnight," people would say, "Oh, man, that Michael Jackson is nuts. He's cracked up. You can't believe a single word that comes out of his mouth."[74] Jackson wore a gold-plated military style jacket with belt in the Bad era Jackson collaborated with Francis Ford Coppola on the 17-minute 3-D film Captain EO, which debuted in September 1986 at both the original Disneyland and at EPCOT in Florida, and in March 1987 at Tokyo Disneyland. The $30 million movie was a popular attraction at all three parks. A Captain EO attraction was later featured at Euro Disneyland after that park opened in 1992. All four parks' Captain EO installations stayed open well into the 1990s: Paris' installation was the last one to close, in 1998.[75] The attraction would later return to Disneyland in 2010 after Jackson's death.[76] In 1987, Jackson disassociated himself from the Jehovah's Witnesses, in response to their disapproval of the Thriller video.[77] With the industry expecting another major hit, Jackson's first album in five years, Bad (1987), was highly anticipated.[78] It did not top Thriller as a commercial or artistic triumph, but Bad was still a substantial success in its own right. The Bad album spawned seven hit singles in the U.S., five of which ("I Just Can't Stop Loving You", "Bad", "The Way You Make Me Feel", "Man in the Mirror" and "Dirty Diana") reached number one on the Billboard Hot 100 charts. This was a record for most number one Hot 100 singles from any one album, including Thriller.[79] Although the title track's video was arguably derivative of the video for the earlier single "Beat It", the "Bad" video still proved to be one of Jackson's iconic moments. It was a gritty but colorful epic set against the backdrop of the New York City Subway system, with costuming and choreography inspired by West Side Story. As of 2008, the album had sold 30 million copies worldwide.[80] Thanks to the Bad album, Bruce Swedien and Humberto Gatica won one Grammy in 1988 for Best Engineered Recording – Non Classical and Michael Jackson won one Grammy for Best Music Video, Short Form for "Leave Me Alone" in 1989.[32][39] In the same year, Jackson won an Award of Achievement at the American Music Awards because Bad is the first album ever to generate five number one singles in the US, the first album to top in 25 countries and the best-selling album worldwide in 1987 and in 1988.[81][82][83][84] In 1988, "Bad" won an American Music Award for Favorite Soul/R&B Single.[85] The Bad World Tour began on September 12 that year, finishing on January 14, 1989.[86] In Japan alone, the tour had 14 sellouts and drew 570,000 people, nearly tripling the previous record of 200,000 in a single tour.[87] Jackson broke a Guinness World Record when 504,000 people attended seven sold-out shows at Wembley Stadium. He performed a total of 123 concerts to an audience of 4.4 million people. The Bad Tour turned out to be the last of Jackson's concert tours to include shows in the continental United States, although later tours did make it to Hawaii. Front view: Jackson wearing the costume on a June 2, 1988 performance in Vienna, Austria In 1988, Jackson released his first and only autobiography, Moonwalk, which took four years to complete and sold 200,000 copies.[88] Jackson wrote about his childhood, The Jackson 5, and the abuse he had suffered.[89] He also wrote about his facial appearance, saying he had had two rhinoplastic surgeries and a dimple created in his chin.[65] He attributed much of the change in the structure of his face to puberty, weight loss, a strict vegetarian diet, a change in hair style, and stage lighting.[65] Moonwalk reached the top position on The New York Times best sellers' list.[90] The musician then released a film called Moonwalker, which featured live footage and short films that starred Jackson and Joe Pesci. The film was originally intended to be released to theaters but due to financial issues, the film was released direct-to-video. It saw a theatrical release in Germany, though. It debuted atop the Billboard Top Music Video Cassette chart, staying there for 22 weeks. It was eventually knocked off the top spot by Michael Jackson: The Legend Continues.[91] In March 1988, Jackson purchased land near Santa Ynez, California, to build Neverland Ranch at a cost of $17 million. He installed Ferris wheels, a menagerie, and a movie theater on the 2,700-acre (11 km2) property. A security staff of 40 patrolled the grounds. In 2003, it was valued at approximately $100 million.[18][92] In 1989, his annual earnings from album sales, endorsements, and concerts was estimated at $125 million for that year alone.[93] Shortly afterwards, he became the first Westerner to appear in a television ad in the Soviet Union.[91] His success resulted in his being dubbed the "King of Pop".[94][95][96][97] The nickname was popularized by Elizabeth Taylor when she presented him with the Soul Train Heritage Award in 1989, proclaiming him "the true king of pop, rock and soul."[98] President George H. W. Bush designated him the White House's "Artist of the Decade".[99] From 1985 to 1990, he donated $500,000 to the United Negro College Fund, and all of the profits from his single "Man in the Mirror" went to charity.[100][101] Jackson's live rendition of "You Were There" at Sammy Davis Jr.'s 60th birthday celebration received an Emmy nomination.[91] Dangerous, Heal the World Foundation and Super Bowl XXVII (1991–93) In March 1991, Jackson renewed his contract with Sony for $65 million, a record-breaking deal at the time,[102] displacing Neil Diamond's renewal contract with Columbia Records.[103] He released his eighth album Dangerous in 1991. As of 2008, Dangerous had shipped seven million copies in the U.S. and had sold 32 million copies worldwide. The Dangerous album was co-produced by Teddy Riley, one of the pioneers of "new jack swing" which convinced Michael to feature a rapper on his album for the first time, the act worked and it turned out to be the best-selling album associated with that movement.[104][105][106] In the United States, the album's first single "Black or White" was its biggest hit, reaching number one on the Billboard Hot 100 and remaining there for seven weeks, with similar chart performances worldwide.[107] The album's second single "Remember the Time" spent eight weeks in the top five in the United States, peaking at number three on the Billboard Hot 100 singles chart.[108] At the end of 1992, Dangerous was awarded 1992's best-selling album worldwide and "Black or White" was awarded 1992's best-selling single worldwide at the Billboard Music Awards. Additionally, he won an award as best-selling artist of the '80s.[109] In 1993, Jackson performed the song at the Soul Train Music Awards in a chair, saying he had suffered an injury in rehearsals.[110] In the UK and other parts of Europe, "Heal the World" was the biggest hit from the album; it sold 450,000 copies in the UK and spent five weeks at number two in 1992.[108] Jackson founded the Heal the World Foundation in 1992. The charity organization brought underprivileged children to Jackson's ranch to enjoy theme park rides that Jackson had built on the property. The foundation also sent millions of dollars around the globe to help children threatened by war, poverty, and disease. In the same year Jackson published his second book, the bestselling collection of poetry, Dancing the Dream. While it was a commercial success and revealed a more intimate side to Jackson's nature, the collection was mostly critically unacclaimed at the time of release. In 2009, the book was republished by Doubleday and was more positively received by some critics in the wake of Jackson's untimely death. The Dangerous World Tour grossed $100 million. The tour began on June 27, 1992, and finished on November 11, 1993. Jackson performed to 3.5 million people in 67 concerts.[108][111] He sold the broadcast rights to his Dangerous world tour to HBO for $20 million, a record-breaking deal that still stands.[112] Following the illness and death of Ryan White, Jackson helped draw public attention to HIV/AIDS, something that was still controversial at the time. He publicly pleaded with the Clinton Administration at Bill Clinton's Inaugural Gala to give more money to HIV/AIDS charities and research.[113][114] In a high-profile visit to Africa, Jackson visited several countries, among them Gabon and Egypt.[115] His first stop to Gabon was greeted with a sizable and enthusiastic reception of more than 100,000 people, some of them carrying signs that read, "Welcome Home Michael."[115] In his trip to Côte d'Ivoire, Jackson was crowned "King Sani" by a tribal chief.[115] He then thanked the dignitaries in French and English, signed official documents formalizing his kingship and sat on a golden throne while presiding over ceremonial dances.[115] In January 1993, Jackson made a memorable appearance at the halftime show at Super Bowl XXVII. The performance began with Jackson catapulting onto the stage as fireworks went off behind him. As he landed on the canvas, he maintained a motionless "clenched fist, standing statue stance", dressed in a gold and black military outfit and sunglasses; he remained completely motionless for a minute and a half while the crowd cheered. He then slowly removed his sunglasses, threw them away and sang four songs: "Jam", "Billie Jean", "Black or White" and "Heal the World". It was the first Super Bowl where the audience figures increased during the half-time show, and was viewed by 135 million Americans alone; Jackson's Dangerous album rose 90 places up the album chart.[61] Jackson was given the "Living Legend Award" at the 35th Grammy Awards in Los Angeles. "Black or White" was Grammy-nominated for best vocal performance. "Jam" gained two nominations: Best R&B Vocal Performance and Best R&B Song.[108] The Dangerous album won a Grammy for Best Engineered – Non Classical, awarding the work of Bruce Swedien and Teddy Riley. In the same year, Michael Jackson won three American Music Awards for Favorite Pop/Rock Album (Dangerous), Favorite Soul/R&B Single ("Remember the Time") and was the first to win the International Artist Award, for his global performances and humanitarian concerns. This award will bear his name in the future.[32][39][116] First child sexual abuse allegations and first marriage (1993–94) Main article: 1993 child sexual abuse accusations against Michael Jackson Jackson gave a 90-minute interview to Oprah Winfrey in February 1993, his second television interview since 1979. He grimaced when speaking of his childhood abuse at the hands of his father; he believed he had missed out on much of his childhood years, admitting that he often cried from loneliness. He denied tabloid rumors that he had bought the bones of the Elephant Man, slept in a hyperbaric oxygen chamber, or bleached his skin, stating for the first time that he had vitiligo. The interview was watched by an American audience of 90 million. Dangerous re-entered the album chart in the top 10, more than a year after its original release.[16][61][108] In the summer of 1993, Jackson was accused of child sexual abuse by a 13-year-old boy named Jordan Chandler and his father, Dr. Evan Chandler, a dentist.[117][118][119] The Chandler family demanded payment from Jackson, and the singer initially refused. Jordan Chandler eventually told the police that Jackson had sexually abused him.[120] Dr. Chandler was tape-recorded discussing his intention to pursue charges, saying, "If I go through with this, I win big-time. There's no way I lose. I will get everything I want and they will be destroyed forever ... Michael's career will be over". Jordan's mother was, however, adamant that there had been no wrongdoing on Jackson's part.[119] Jackson later used the recording to argue that he was the victim of a jealous father whose only goal was to extort money from the singer.[119] Later that year, on December 20, Jackson's home was raided by the police, and Jackson submitted to a 25-minute strip search.[121] Jordan Chandler had reportedly given police a description of Jackson's intimate parts, notably claiming that his bleach-damaged penis was circumcised; the strip search revealed, to the contrary, that Jackson was actually uncircumcised,[122] a fact confirmed in his autopsy.[123] His friends said he never recovered from the humiliation of the strip search. The investigation was inconclusive and no charges were ever filed.[124][125] Jackson described the search in an emotional public statement, and proclaimed his innocence.[117][121][126] On January 1, 1994, Jackson's insurance carrier settled with the Chandlers out of court for $22 million. A Santa Barbara County grand jury and a Los Angeles County grand jury disbanded on May 2, 1994 without indicting Jackson.[127] After which time the Chandlers stopped co-operating with the criminal investigation around July 6, 1994.[128][129][130] The out-of-court settlement's documentation specifically stated Jackson admitted no wrongdoing and no liability; the Chandlers and their family lawyer Larry Feldman signed it without contest.[131] The Chandlers' lawyer Mr. Feldman also explicitly stated "nobody bought anybody's silence".[132] A decade after the fact, during the second round of child abuse allegations, Jackson's lawyers would file a memo stating that the 1994 settlement was done without his consent.[129] Jackson married Lisa Marie Presley, daughter of Elvis Presley, in 1994 In May 1994, Jackson married the daughter of Elvis Presley, Lisa Marie Presley. They had first met in 1975, when a seven-year-old Presley attended one of Jackson's family engagements at the MGM Grand Hotel and Casino, and were reconnected through a mutual friend.[133] According to a friend of Presley's, "their adult friendship began in November 1992 in L.A."[134] They stayed in contact every day over the telephone. As the child molestation accusations became public, Jackson became dependent on Presley for emotional support; she was concerned about his faltering health and addiction to drugs.[135] Presley explained, "I believed he didn't do anything wrong and that he was wrongly accused and yes I started falling for him. I wanted to save him. I felt that I could do it."[136] She eventually persuaded him to settle the allegations out of court and go into rehabilitation to recover.[135] Jackson proposed to Presley over the telephone towards the fall of 1993, saying, "If I asked you to marry me, would you do it?"[135] They married in the Dominican Republic in secrecy, denying it for nearly two months afterwards.[137] The marriage was, in her words, "a married couple's life ... that was sexually active".[138] At the time, the tabloid media speculated that the wedding was a ploy to prop up Jackson's public image.[137] The marriage lasted less than two years and ended with an amicable divorce settlement.[139] In a 2010 interview with Oprah, Presley admitted that they spent four more years after the divorce "getting back together and breaking up", until she decided to stop.[140] HIStory, second marriage and fatherhood (1995–99) In 1995, Jackson merged his ATV Music catalog with Sony's music publishing division creating Sony/ATV Music Publishing. Jackson retained half-ownership of the company, earned $95 million upfront as well as the rights to even more songs.[141][142] He then released the double album HIStory: Past, Present and Future, Book I. The first disc, HIStory Begins, was a 15-track greatest hits album, and was later reissued as Greatest Hits: HIStory, Volume I in 2001, while the second disc, HIStory Continues, contained 15 new songs. The album debuted at number one on the charts and has been certified for seven million shipments in the US.[143] It is the best-selling multiple-disc album of all-time, with 20 million copies (40 million units) sold worldwide.[107][144] HIStory received a Grammy nomination for Album of the Year.[145] Michael Jackson at the 1997 Cannes Film Festival The first single released from the album was the double A-side "Scream/Childhood". "Scream" was a duet, performed with Jackson's youngest sister Janet. The song fights against the media, mainly for what the media made him out to be during his 1993 child abuse allegations. The single had the highest debut on the Billboard Hot 100 at number five, and received a Grammy nomination for "Best Pop Collaboration with Vocals".[145] "You Are Not Alone" was the second single released from HIStory; it holds the Guinness World Record for the first song ever to debut at number one on the Billboard Hot 100 chart.[93] It was seen as a major artistic and commercial success, receiving a Grammy nomination for "Best Pop Vocal Performance".[145] In late 1995, Jackson was rushed to a hospital after collapsing during rehearsals for a televised performance; the incident was caused by a stress-related panic attack.[146] "Earth Song" was the third single released from HIStory, and topped the UK Singles Chart for six weeks over Christmas 1995; it sold a million copies, making it Jackson's most successful single in the UK.[145] The track "They Don't Care About Us" became controversial when the Anti-Defamation League and other groups criticized its allegedly antisemitic lyrics. Jackson quickly put out a revised version of the song without the offending lyrics.[147] In 1996, Jackson won a Grammy for Best Music Video, Short Form for "Scream" and an American Music Award for Favorite Pop/Rock Male Artist.[32][148] The album was promoted with the successful HIStory World Tour. The tour began on September 7, 1996, and finished on October 15, 1997. Jackson performed 82 concerts in 58 cities to over 4.5 million fans, and grossed up a total of $165 million. The show, which visited five continents and 35 countries, became Jackson's most successful in terms of audience figures.[86] During the tour, Jackson married his longtime friend Deborah Jeanne Rowe, a dermatology nurse, in an impromptu ceremony in Sydney, Australia. Rowe was approximately six months pregnant with the couple's first child at the time. Originally, Rowe and Jackson had no plans to marry, but Jackson's mother Katherine persuaded them to do so.[149] Michael Joseph Jackson Jr (commonly known as Prince) was born on February 13, 1997; his sister Paris-Michael Katherine Jackson was born a year later on April 3, 1998.[139][150] The couple divorced in 1999, and Jackson got full custody of the children. The divorce was relatively amicable, but a subsequent custody suit was not settled until 2006.[151][152] Jackson at Perth Airport in 1996 In 1997, Jackson released Blood on the Dance Floor: HIStory in the Mix, which contained remixes of hit singles from HIStory and five new songs. Worldwide sales stand at 6 million copies as of 2007, it is the best selling remix album ever released.[153] It reached number one in the UK, as did the title track.[153][154] In the US, the album was certified platinum, but only reached number 24.[104][145] Forbes placed his annual income at $35 million in 1996 and $20 million in 1997.[92] Throughout June 1999, Jackson was involved in a number of charitable events. He joined Luciano Pavarotti for a benefit concert in Modena, Italy. The show was in support of the nonprofit organization War Child, and raised a million dollars for the refugees of Kosovo, FR Yugoslavia, as well as additional funds for the children of Guatemala.[155] Later that month, Jackson organized a set of "Michael Jackson & Friends" benefit concerts in Germany and Korea. Other artists involved included Slash, The Scorpions, Boyz II Men, Luther Vandross, Mariah Carey, A. R. Rahman, Prabhu Deva Sundaram, Shobana, Andrea Bocelli and Luciano Pavarotti. The proceeds went to the Nelson Mandela Children's Fund, the Red Cross and UNESCO.[156] Label dispute, Invincible and third child (2000–03) At the turn of the century, the American Music Awards honored Jackson as Artist of the '80s.[157] Throughout 2000 and 2001, Jackson worked in the studio with Teddy Riley and Rodney Jerkins, as well as other collaborators. These sessions would result in the album Invincible, released in October 2001. Invincible was Jackson's first full-length album in six years, and it would be the last album of new material he released while still alive. The release of the album was preceded by a dispute between Jackson and his record label, Sony Music Entertainment. Jackson had expected the licenses to the masters of his albums to revert to him sometime in the early 2000s. Once he had the licenses, he would be able to promote the material however he pleased and he would also be able to keep all the profits. However, due to various clauses in the contract, the revert date turned out to be many years away. Jackson discovered that the attorney who represented him in the deal was also representing Sony.[154] Jackson was also concerned about the fact that for a number of years, Sony had been pressuring him to sell his share in their music catalog venture. Jackson feared that Sony might have a conflict of interest, since if Jackson's career failed he would have to sell his share of the catalog at a low price.[158] Jackson sought an early exit from his contract.[154] Just before the release of Invincible, Jackson informed the head of Sony Music Entertainment, Tommy Mottola, that he was leaving Sony.[154] As a result, all singles releases, video shootings and promotions concerning the Invincible album were suspended. In September 2001, two 30th Anniversary concerts were held at Madison Square Garden to mark the singer's 30th year as a solo artist. Jackson appeared onstage alongside his brothers for the first time since 1984. The show also featured performances by Mýa, Usher, Whitney Houston, 'N Sync, Destiny's Child, Monica, Luther Vandross, and Slash, among other artists.[159] The second of the two shows took place the night before the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks.[160] After 9/11, Jackson helped organize the United We Stand: What More Can I Give benefit concert at RFK Stadium in Washington, D.C. The concert took place on October 21, 2001, and included performances from dozens of major artists, including Jackson, who performed his song "What More Can I Give" as the finale.[158] Jackson's solo performances were omitted from the televised version of the benefit concert, although he could still be seen singing background vocals. This omission happened because of contractual issues related to the earlier 30th Anniversary concerts: those concerts were boiled down into a two-hour TV special titled Michael Jackson: 30th Anniversary Celebration: The Solo Years which debuted in November 2001. In spite of the events preceding its release, Invincible came out in October 2001 to much anticipation. Invincible proved to be a hit, debuting atop the charts in 13 countries and going on to sell approximately 13 million copies worldwide. It received double-platinum certification in the US.[104][107][161] However, the sales for Invincible were lower than those of his previous releases, due in part to a lack of promotion, no supporting world tour and the label dispute. The album also came out at a bad time for the music industry in general.[158] The album cost $30 million to record, not including promotional expenditures.[162] Invincible spawned three singles, "You Rock My World", "Cry" and "Butterflies", the latter without a music video. Jackson alleged in July 2002 that Mottola was a "devil" and a "racist" who did not support his African-American artists, using them merely for his own personal gain.[158] He charged that Mottola had called his colleague Irv Gotti a "fat nigger".[163] Sony refused to renew Jackson's contract, and claimed that a $25 million promotional campaign had failed because Jackson refused to tour in the United States.[162] In 2002, Michael Jackson won his 22nd American Music Award for Artist of the Century.[164] In the same year, Jackson's third child, Prince Michael Jackson II (nicknamed "Blanket") was born.[165] The mother's identity is unknown, but Jackson has said the child was the result of artificial insemination from a surrogate mother and his own sperm.[151] On November 20 of that year, Jackson brought his newborn son onto the balcony of his room at the Hotel Adlon in Berlin, as fans stood below, holding him in his right arm, with a cloth loosely draped over the baby's face. The baby was briefly extended over a railing, four stories above ground level, causing widespread criticism in the media. Jackson later apologized for the incident, calling it "a terrible mistake".[166] Sony released Number Ones, a compilation of Jackson's hits on CD and DVD. In the US, the album was certified triple platinum by the RIAA; in the UK it was certified six times platinum for shipments of at least 1.2 million units.[104][167] Second child sexual abuse allegations and acquittal (2003–05) Further information: Living with Michael Jackson and People v. Jackson Beginning in May 2002, Jackson allowed a documentary film crew, led by British TV personality Martin Bashir, to follow him around just about everywhere he went. Bashir's film crew was with Jackson during the "baby-dangling incident" in Berlin. The program was broadcast in March 2003 as Living with Michael Jackson, and painted an extraordinarily unflattering portrait of the singer. In a particularly controversial scene, Jackson was seen holding hands and discussing sleeping arrangements with a young boy.[168] As soon as the documentary aired, the Santa Barbara county attorney's office began a criminal investigation. Jackson was arrested in November 2003, and was charged with seven counts of child molestation and two counts of administering an intoxicating agent in relation to the 13 year old boy shown in the film.[168] Jackson denied the allegations, saying the sleepovers were not sexual in nature. The People v. Jackson trial began on January 31, 2005, in Santa Maria, California, and lasted five months, until the end of May. On June 13, 2005, Jackson was acquitted on all counts.[169][170][171] After the trial, in a highly publicized relocation he moved to the Persian Gulf island of Bahrain, as a guest of Sheikh Abdullah.[172] Bahrain was also where the family intended to send Jackson if he was convicted (though Jackson did not know about the plan), according to a statement by Jermaine Jackson printed in The Times of London in September 2011.[173] Closure of Neverland, final years and This Is It (2006–09) Jackson with his children in Disneyland Paris, 2006 In March 2006, the main house at the Neverland Ranch was closed as a cost-cutting measure.[174] There were numerous reports around that time that Jackson was having financial problems. Jackson had been delinquent on his repayments of a $270 million loan secured against his music publishing holdings, even though those holdings were reportedly making him as much as $75 million a year.[175] Bank of America sold the debt to Fortress Investments. Sony reportedly proposed a restructuring deal which would give them a future option to buy half of Jackson's stake in their jointly owned publishing company (leaving Jackson with a 25% stake).[142] Jackson agreed to a Sony-backed refinancing deal in April 2006, although the exact details were not made public.[176] Jackson did not have a recording contract in place with Sony or any other major record label at the time. In early 2006, there was an announcement that Jackson had signed a contract with a Bahrain-based startup called Two Seas Records. However, nothing ever came of that deal, and the CEO of Two Seas, Guy Holmes, later stated that the deal had never been finalized.[177][178] Throughout 2006, Sony repackaged 20 singles from the 1980s and 1990s as the Michael Jackson: Visionary series, which subsequently became a box set. Most of those singles returned to the charts as a result. In September 2006, Jackson and his ex-wife Debbie Rowe confirmed reports that they had settled their long-running child custody suit. The terms were never made public. Jackson continued to be the custodial parent of the couple's two children.[152] In October 2006, Fox News entertainment reporter Roger Friedman said that Jackson had been recording at a studio in rural Westmeath, Ireland. It was not known at the time what Jackson might be working on, or who might be paying for the sessions, since his publicist had recently issued a statement claiming that he had left Two Seas.[178][179] In November 2006, Jackson invited an Access Hollywood camera crew into the studio in Westmeath, and MSNBC broke the story that he was working on a new album, produced by will.i.am of The Black Eyed Peas.[107] Jackson performed at the World Music Awards, in London on November 15, 2006, and accepted a Diamond Award for selling over 100 million records.[107][180] Jackson returned to the United States after Christmas 2006 to attend James Brown's funeral in Augusta, Georgia. He gave one of the eulogies, saying that "James Brown is my greatest inspiration."[181] In the spring of 2007, Jackson and Sony teamed up to buy yet another music publishing company: Famous Music LLC, formerly owned by Viacom. This deal gave him the rights to songs by Eminem, Shakira and Beck, among others.[182] Jackson recorded extensively during this period in New York with songwriter and producer will.i.am and also in Las Vegas with producers Akon and RedOne.[183][184] In March 2007, Jackson gave a brief interview to the Associated Press in Tokyo, where he said, "I've been in the entertainment industry since I was 6 years old, and as Charles Dickens would say, 'It's been the best of times, the worst of times.' But I would not change my career ... While some have made deliberate attempts to hurt me, I take it in stride because I have a loving family, a strong faith and wonderful friends and fans who have, and continue, to support me."[185] In September 2007, Jackson was reportedly still working with will.i.am, but the album was apparently never completed.[186] However, in 2008, Jackson and Sony released Thriller 25 to mark the 25th anniversary of the original Thriller. This album featured the previously unreleased song "For All Time" (an outtake from the original sessions) as well as remixes, where Jackson collaborated with younger artists who had been inspired by his work.[187] Two of the remixes were released as singles with only modest success: "The Girl Is Mine 2008" (with will.i.am) and "Wanna Be Startin' Somethin' 2008" (with Akon). The first single was based on an early demo version, without Paul McCartney. The album itself was a hit, however.[187][188][189][190] In anticipation of Jackson's 50th birthday, Sony BMG released a series of greatest-hits albums called King of Pop. Slightly different versions were released in various countries, based on polls of local fans.[191] King of Pop reached the top 10 in most countries where it was issued, and also sold well as an import in other countries (such as the United States.)[192][193] In the fall of 2008, Fortress Investments threatened to foreclose on Neverland Ranch, which Jackson used as collateral for loans running into many tens of millions of dollars. However, Fortress opted to sell Jackson's debts to Colony Capital LLC. In November, Jackson transferred Neverland Ranch's title to Sycamore Valley Ranch Company LLC, which was a joint venture between Jackson and Colony Capital LLC. This deal cleared Jackson's debt, and he reportedly even gained an extra $35 million from the venture. At the time of his death, Jackson still owned a stake in Neverland/Sycamore Valley, but it is unknown how large that stake was.[194][195][196] In September 2008, Jackson entered negotiations with Julien's Auction House to display and auction a large collection of memorabilia amounting to approximately 1,390 lots. The auction was scheduled to take place between April 22 and April 25.[197] An exhibition of the lots opened as scheduled on April 14, but the actual auction was eventually cancelled at Jackson's request.[198] In March 2009, Jackson held a press conference at London's O2 Arena and announced a series of comeback concerts titled This Is It. The shows would be Jackson's first major series of concerts since the HIStory World Tour finished in 1997. Jackson suggested possible retirement after the shows; he said it would be his "final curtain call". The initial plan was for 10 concerts in London, followed by shows in Paris, New York City and Mumbai. Randy Phillips, president and chief executive of AEG Live, stated that the first 10 dates alone would earn the singer approximately £50 million.[199] The London residency was increased to 50 dates after record breaking ticket sales: over one million were sold in less than two hours.[200] Jackson rehearsed in Los Angeles in the weeks leading up to the tour under the direction of choreographer Kenny Ortega. Most of these rehearsals took place at the Staples Center, which was owned by AEG.[201] The concerts would have commenced on July 13, 2009, and finished on March 6, 2010. Less than three weeks before the first show was due to begin in London and with all concerts being sold out, Jackson died after suffering cardiac arrest.[202] Some time before his death, it was widely stated that he was starting a clothing line with Christian Audigier; due to his death, the current status of the label remains unknown.[203][204] Jackson's first posthumous single was a song titled "This Is It" which Jackson cowrote in the 1980s with Paul Anka. It was not on the set lists for the concerts, and the recording was based on an old demo tape. The surviving brothers reunited in the studio for the first time since 1989 to record backing vocals. On October 28, 2009, a documentary film about the rehearsals titled Michael Jackson's This Is It was released.[205] Even though it ran for a limited two-week engagement, it became the highest grossing documentary or concert movie of all time, with earnings of more than $260 million worldwide.[206] Jackson's estate received 90% of the profits.[207] The film was accompanied by a compilation album of the same name. Two versions of the new song appear on the album, which also featured original masters of Jackson's hits in the order in which they appear in the movie, along with a bonus disc with previously unreleased versions of more Jackson hits as well as a spoken-word poem titled "Planet Earth".[208] At the 2009 American Music Awards Jackson won four posthumous awards, two for him and two for his album Number Ones, bringing his total American Music Awards to 26.[209][210] Death and memorial Main articles: Death of Michael Jackson and Michael Jackson memorial service Michael Jackson's Tomb in the Great Mausoleum at Forest Lawn Memorial Park, Glendale On June 25, 2009, Jackson died while in his bed at his rented mansion at 100 North Carolwood Drive in the Holmby Hills district of Los Angeles. Attempts at resuscitating him by Conrad Murray, his personal physician, were unsuccessful.[211] Los Angeles Fire Department paramedics received a 911 call at 12:22 (PDT, 19:22 UTC), arriving three minutes later at Jackson's location.[212][213] He was reportedly not breathing and CPR was performed.[214] Resuscitation efforts continued en route to the Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center, and for more than an hour after arriving there at 1:13 (20:13 UTC). He was pronounced dead at 2:26 local time (21:26 UTC).[215][216] Jackson's death triggered a global outpouring of grief.[211] The news spread quickly online, causing websites to slow down and crash from user overload. Both TMZ and the Los Angeles Times suffered outages.[217] Google initially believed that the input from millions of people searching for "Michael Jackson" meant that the search engine was under DDoS attack, and blocked searches related to Michael Jackson for 30 minutes. Twitter reported a crash, as did Wikipedia at 3:15 p.m. PDT (22:15 UTC).[218] The Wikimedia Foundation reported nearly a million visitors to Jackson's biography within one hour, probably the most visitors in a one-hour period to any article in Wikipedia's history.[219] AOL Instant Messenger collapsed for 40 minutes. AOL called it a "seminal moment in Internet history", adding, "We've never seen anything like it in terms of scope or depth."[220] Around 15% of Twitter posts—or 5,000 tweets per minute—reportedly mentioned Jackson after the news broke,[221][222] compared to the 5% recalled as having mentioned the Iranian elections or the flu pandemic that had made headlines earlier in the year.[222] Overall, web traffic ranged from 11% to at least 20% higher than normal.[221][223] MTV and Black Entertainment Television (BET) aired marathons of Jackson's music videos.[224] Jackson specials aired on multiple television stations around the world. The British soap opera EastEnders added a last-minute scene, in which one character tells another about the news, to the June 26 episode.[225] Jackson was the topic of every front-page headline in the daily British tabloid The Sun for about two weeks following his death.[226] During the same period, the three major U.S. networks' evening newscasts—ABC World News, CBS Evening News, and NBC Nightly News—devoted 34% of their broadcast time to him.[227] Magazines including Time published commemorative editions.[228] A scene that had featured Jackson's sister La Toya was cut from the film Brüno out of respect toward Jackson's family.[229] Jackson's memorial was held on July 7, 2009, at the Staples Center in Los Angeles, preceded by a private family service at Forest Lawn Memorial Park's Hall of Liberty. Jackson's casket was present during the memorial but no information was released about the final disposition of the body. While some unofficial reports claimed a worldwide audience as high as one billion people,[230][231] the U.S. audience was estimated by Nielsen to be 31.1 million, an amount comparable to the estimated 35.1 million that watched the 2004 burial of former president Ronald Reagan, and the estimated 33.1 million Americans who watched the 1997 funeral for Princess Diana.[232] Mariah Carey, Stevie Wonder, Lionel Richie, John Mayer, Jennifer Hudson, Usher, Jermaine Jackson, and Shaheen Jafargholi performed at the event. Berry Gordy and Smokey Robinson gave eulogies, while Queen Latifah read "We had him", a poem written for the occasion by Maya Angelou.[233] The Reverend Al Sharpton received a standing ovation with cheers when he told Jackson's children, "Wasn't nothing strange about your daddy. It was strange what your daddy had to deal with. But he dealt with it anyway."[234] Jackson's 11-year-old daughter, Paris Katherine, cried as she told the crowd, "Ever since I was born, Daddy has been the best father you could ever imagine ... I just wanted to say I love him ... so much."[160] Reverend Lucious Smith provided a closing prayer.[235] On August 24, several news outlets quoted anonymous sources as stating that the Los Angeles coroner had decided to treat Jackson's death as a homicide; this was later confirmed by the coroner on August 28.[236][237] At the time of death, Jackson had been administered propofol, lorazepam and midazolam.[238] Law enforcement officials conducted a manslaughter investigation of his personal physician, Conrad Murray.[239] On February 8, 2010, Murray was charged with involuntary manslaughter by prosecutors in Los Angeles.[240] Jackson was entombed on September 3, 2009, at Forest Lawn Memorial Park in Glendale, California.[241] Tribute of fans from all over the world in the Forest Lawn Memorial Park on his first anniversary of death On June 25, 2010, the first anniversary of Jackson's death, fans traveled to Los Angeles to pay their tribute to him. They visited Jackson’s star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame and his family’s home, as well as Forest Lawn Memorial Park. Many of the fans were carrying sunflowers and other tribute items to drop off at the sites. Members of the Jackson family and close friends arrived to pay their respects.[242][243] Katherine returned to Gary, Indiana to unveil a granite monument constructed in the front yard of the family home. The memorial continued with a candlelight vigil and a special performance of "We Are the World".[244][245] On June 26, there was a protest march in front of the Los Angeles Police Department's Robbery-Homicide Division at the old Parker Center building and a petition with thousands of signatures demanding justice was delivered.[246][247] The Jackson Family Foundation in conjunction with Voiceplate presented "Forever Michael", an event bringing together Jackson family members, celebrities, fans, supporters and the community to celebrate and honor his legacy. A portion of the proceeds were presented to some of Jackson's favorite charities. Katherine also introduced her new book "Never Can Say Goodbye".[248][249][250] Death aftermath After his death, Jackson became the best-selling albums artist of 2009; in the United States selling over 8.2 million albums and a total of 35 million albums worldwide in the 12 months that followed his death.[251][252] Following this surge in sales, Sony announced that they had extended their relationship with his material. The distribution rights held by Sony Music were due to expire in 2015.[253] On March 16, 2010, Sony Music Entertainment, in a move spearheaded by its Columbia/Epic Label Group division, signed a new deal with the Jackson estate to extend their distribution rights to his back catalogue until at least 2017, as well as to obtain permission to release ten new albums with previously unreleased material and new collections of released work. On November 4, 2010 Sony announced the release of Michael, the first posthumous album set to be released on December 14, with the promotional single released to the radios on November 8, titled "Breaking News".[254] The deal was unprecedented in the music industry as it is the most expensive music contract pertaining to a single artist in history; it reportedly involved Sony Music paying $250 million for the deal, with the Jackson estate getting the full sum as well as its share of royalties for all works released.[253][255] Video game developer Ubisoft announced it would release a new dancing-and-singing game featuring Michael Jackson for the 2010 holiday season. The game titled Michael Jackson: The Experience will be among the first to use Kinect and PlayStation Move, the respective motion-detecting camera systems for Microsoft's Xbox 360 and Sony's PlayStation 3 due out later that year.[256] On November 3, 2010, the theatrical performing company Cirque du Soleil announced that it would launch "Michael Jackson: The Immortal World Tour" in October 2011 in Montreal, while a permanent show will reside in Las Vegas.[257] The 90-minute US$57M production will combine Jackson's iconic musical oeuvre and choreography with the Cirque's signature artistry, dance and aerial displays involving 65 artists.[258] The tour was written and directed by Jamie King[259] and centers on Jackson's "inspirational Giving Tree – the wellspring of creativity where his love of music and dance, fairy tale and magic, and the fragile beauty of nature are unlocked."[260] On October 3, 2011, the accompanying compilation soundtrack album Immortal was announced to have over 40 Jackson’s original recordings re-produced by Kevin Antunes.[261] In April 2011, Jackson's longtime friend and billionaire businessman Mohamed Al-Fayed, chairman of Fulham F.C., unveiled a statue of Jackson outside the club's stadium, Craven Cottage.[262] Fulham fans were however bemused by the statue and failed to understand the relevance of Jackson to the club.[263] Al Fayed however defended the statue and told the fans to 'go to hell' if they didn't appreciate the statue.[264] Artistry Influences One of many identical statues, positioned throughout Europe to promote HIStory Jackson's music took root in R&B, pop and soul. He had been influenced by the work of contemporary musicians such as Little Richard, James Brown, Jackie Wilson, Diana Ross, David Ruffin, Gene Kelly, Fred Astaire, Sammy Davis, Jr., The Isley Brothers, the Bee Gees and the West Side Story dancers, to whom he made a tribute in "Beat It" and in the "Bad" video.[265] According to David Winters, who met and befriended Jackson while choreographing the 1971 Diana Ross TV Special "Diana!", (which was also Jackson's first solo debut outside of The Jackson 5), Jackson watched West Side Story almost every week and it was his favorite film.[266][267][268] While Little Richard had a substantial influence on Jackson,[269][270] James Brown was Jackson's greatest inspiration. In reference to Brown, Jackson declared: "Ever since I was a small child, no more than like six years old, my mother would wake me no matter what time it was, if I was sleeping, no matter what I was doing, to watch the television to see the master at work. And when I saw him move, I was mesmerized. I had never seen a performer perform like James Brown, and right then and there I knew that was exactly what I wanted to do for the rest of my life because of James Brown."[271] The young Michael Jackson owed his vocal technique in large part to Diana Ross. Not only a mother figure to him, she was often observed in rehearsal as an accomplished performer. He later expressed: "I got to know her well. She taught me so much. I used to just sit in the corner and watch the way she moved. She was art in motion. I studied the way she moved, the way she sang – just the way she was." He told her: "I want to be just like you, Diana." She said: "You just be yourself."[272] But Jackson owed part of his enduring style—especially his use of the oooh interjection—to Ross. From a young age, Jackson often punctuated his verses with a sudden exclamation of oooh. Diana Ross had used this effect on many of the songs recorded with The Supremes.[273] Musical themes and genres Unlike many artists, Jackson did not write his songs on paper. Instead he would dictate into a sound recorder, and when recording he would sing the lyrics from memory.[274] In most of his songs, such as "Billie Jean", "Who Is It", and "Tabloid Junkie", he would beatbox and imitate the instruments using his voice instead of playing the actual instruments, along with other sounds. Jackson noted that it is easier to sing a drum line, or sing a bass, instead of playing a drum line or a bass with an instrument. Several critics have said that Jackson's distinct voice was able to replace any instrument convincingly. Steve Huey of Allmusic said that, throughout his solo career, Jackson's versatility allowed him to experiment with various themes and genres.[275] As a musician, he ranged from Motown's dance fare and ballads to techno and house-edged new jack swing to work that incorporates both funk rhythms and hard rock guitar.[18][276][277] According to Huey, Thriller refined the strengths of Off the Wall; the dance and rock tracks were more aggressive, while the pop tunes and ballads were softer and more soulful.[275] Notable tracks included the ballads "The Lady in My Life", "Human Nature" and "The Girl Is Mine"; the funk pieces "Billie Jean" and "Wanna Be Startin' Somethin'"; and the post-disco set "Baby Be Mine" and "P.Y.T. (Pretty Young Thing)".[275][276][277][278][279] With Thriller, Christopher Connelly of Rolling Stone commented that Jackson developed his long association with the subliminal theme of paranoia and darker imagery.[279] Allmusic's Stephen Thomas Erlewine noted this is evident on the songs "Billie Jean" and "Wanna Be Startin' Somethin'".[277] In "Billie Jean", Jackson sings about an obsessive fan who alleges he has fathered a child of hers.[275] In "Wanna Be Startin' Somethin'" he argues against gossip and the media.[279] "Beat It" decried gang violence in an homage to West Side Story, and was Jackson's first successful rock cross-over piece, according to Huey.[18][275] He also observed that the title track "Thriller" began Jackson's interest with the theme of the supernatural, a topic he revisited in subsequent years.[275] In 1985, Jackson co-wrote the charity anthem "We Are the World"; humanitarian themes later became a recurring theme in his lyrics and public persona.[275] "Thriller" One of Jackson's signature pieces, "Thriller", released as a single in 1984, utilizes cinematic sound effects, horror film motifs and vocal trickery to convey a sense of danger.[22] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- "Smooth Criminal" A single from the album Bad, released 1988, "Smooth Criminal" features digital drum sounds, keyboard-created bass lines and other percussion elements designed to give the impression of a pulsing heart.[280] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- "Black or White" The lead single from Dangerous, the danceable hard rock song "Black or White" was one of Jackson's most successful recordings.[281][282][283] It contains many features of Jackson's vocal style, including the vocal hiccup he is known for. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Problems listening to these files? See media help. In Bad, Jackson's concept of the predatory lover can be seen on the rock song "Dirty Diana".[284] The lead single "I Just Can't Stop Loving You" is a traditional love ballad, while "Man in the Mirror" is an anthemic ballad of confession and resolution.[78] "Smooth Criminal" was an evocation of bloody assault, rape and likely murder.[78] Allmusic's Stephen Thomas Erlewine states that Dangerous presents Jackson as a very paradoxical individual.[285] He comments the album is more diverse than his previous Bad, as it appeals to an urban audience while also attracting the middle class with anthems like "Heal the World".[285] The first half of the record is dedicated to new jack swing, including songs like "Jam" and "Remember the Time".[286] The album is Jackson's first where social ills become a primary theme; "Why You Wanna Trip on Me", for example, protests against world hunger, AIDS, homelessness and drugs.[286] Dangerous contains sexually charged efforts such as the multifaceted love song, "In the Closet".[286] The title track continues the theme of the predatory lover and compulsive desire.[286] The second half includes introspective, pop-gospel anthems such as "Will You Be There", "Heal the World" and "Keep the Faith"; these songs show Jackson opening up about various personal struggles and worries.[286] In the ballad "Gone Too Soon", Jackson gives tribute to his friend Ryan White and the plight of those with AIDS.[287] HIStory creates an atmosphere of paranoia.[288] Its content focuses on the hardships and public struggles Jackson went through just prior to its production. In the new jack swing-funk-rock efforts "Scream" and "Tabloid Junkie", along with the R&B ballad "You Are Not Alone", Jackson retaliates against the injustice and isolation he feels, and directs much of his anger at the media.[289] In the introspective ballad "Stranger in Moscow", Jackson laments over his "fall from grace", while songs like "Earth Song", "Childhood", "Little Susie" and "Smile" are all operatic pop pieces.[288][289] In the track "D.S.", Jackson launched a verbal attack against Tom Sneddon. He describes Sneddon as an antisocial, white supremacist who wanted to "get my ass, dead or alive". Of the song, Sneddon said, "I have not—shall we say—done him the honor of listening to it, but I've been told that it ends with the sound of a gunshot".[290] Invincible found Jackson working heavily with producer Rodney Jerkins.[275] It is a record made up of urban soul like "Cry" and "The Lost Children", ballads such as "Speechless", "Break of Dawn" and "Butterflies" and mixes hip-hop, pop and R&B in "2000 Watts", "Heartbreaker" and "Invincible".[291][292] Vocal style Jackson sang from childhood, and over time his voice and vocal style changed noticeably. Between 1971 and 1975, Jackson's voice descended from boy soprano to high tenor.[293] His vocal range as an adult was F2-E?6. Jackson first used a technique called the "vocal hiccup" in 1973, starting with the song "It's Too Late to Change the Time" from The Jackson 5's G.I.T.: Get It Together album.[294] Jackson did not use the hiccup technique— somewhat like a gulping for air or gasping— fully until the recording of Off the Wall: it can be seen in full force in the "Shake Your Body (Down to the Ground)" promotional video.[20] With the arrival of Off the Wall in the late 1970s, Jackson's abilities as a vocalist were well regarded. At the time, Rolling Stone compared his vocals to the "breathless, dreamy stutter" of Stevie Wonder. Their analysis was also that "Jackson's feathery-timbred tenor is extraordinarily beautiful. It slides smoothly into a startling falsetto that's used very daringly".[295][296] 1982 saw the release of Thriller, and Rolling Stone was of the opinion that Jackson was then singing in a "fully adult voice" that was "tinged by sadness".[279] A distinctive deliberate mispronunciation of "come on", used frequently by Jackson, occasionally spelled "cha'mone" or "shamone", is also a staple in impressions and caricatures of him.[297] The turn of the 1990s saw the release of the introspective album Dangerous. The New York Times noted that on some tracks, "he gulps for breath, his voice quivers with anxiety or drops to a desperate whisper, hissing through clenched teeth" and he had a "wretched tone".[286] When singing of brotherhood or self-esteem the musician would return to "smooth" vocals.[286] When commenting on Invincible, Rolling Stone were of the opinion that—at the age of 43—Jackson still performed "exquisitely voiced rhythm tracks and vibrating vocal harmonies".[298] Nelson George summed up Jackson's vocals by stating "The grace, the aggression, the growling, the natural boyishness, the falsetto, the smoothness—that combination of elements mark him as a major vocalist".[280] Music videos and choreography Referred to as the King of Music Videos,[299] Steve Huey of Allmusic observed how Jackson transformed the music video into an art form and a promotional tool through complex story lines, dance routines, special effects and famous cameo appearances; simultaneously breaking down racial barriers.[275] Before Thriller, Jackson struggled to receive coverage on MTV, allegedly because he was African American.[300] Pressure from CBS Records persuaded MTV to start showing "Billie Jean" and later "Beat It", leading to a lengthy partnership with Jackson, also helping other black music artists gain recognition.[301] MTV employees deny any racism in their coverage, or pressure to change their stance. MTV maintains that they played rock music, regardless of race.[302] The popularity of his videos on MTV helped to put the relatively young channel "on the map"; MTV's focus shifted in favor of pop and R&B.[303][301] His performance on Motown 25: Yesterday, Today, Forever changed the scope of live stage show; "That Jackson lip-synced 'Billie Jean' is, in itself, not extraordinary, but the fact that it did not change the impact of the performance is extraordinary; whether the performance was live or lip-synced made no difference to the audience" thus creating an era in which artists re-create the spectacle of music video imagery on stage.[304] Short films like Thriller largely remained unique to Jackson, while the group dance sequence in "Beat It" has frequently been imitated.[305] The choreography in Thriller has become a part of global pop culture, replicated everywhere from Indian films to prisons in the Philippines.[306] The Thriller short film marked an increase in scale for music videos, and has been named the most successful music video ever by the Guinness World Records.[93] Michael Jackson's revolutionary music video Thriller gained worldwide attention from TV networks such as MTV and VH1 In the 19-minute music video for "Bad"—directed by Martin Scorsese—Jackson began using sexual imagery and choreography not previously seen in his work. He occasionally grabbed or touched his chest, torso and crotch. When asked by Oprah in the 1993 interview about why he grabbed his crotch, he replied, "I think it happens subliminally" and he described it as something that was not planned, but rather, as something that was compelled by the music. "Bad" garnered a mixed reception from both fans and critics; Time magazine described it as "infamous". The video also featured Wesley Snipes; in the future Jackson's videos would often feature famous cameo roles.[71][307] For "Smooth Criminal", Jackson experimented with an innovative "anti-gravity lean" in his performances. The maneuver required special shoes for which he was granted U.S. Patent No. 5,255,452.[308] Although the music video for "Leave Me Alone" was not officially released in the US, in 1989, it was nominated for three Billboard Music Video Awards;[309] the same year it won a Golden Lion Award for the quality of the special effects used in its production. In 1990, "Leave Me Alone" won a Grammy for Best Music Video, Short Form.[91] He received the MTV Video Vanguard Award in 1988 and the MTV Video Vanguard Artist of the Decade Award in 1990 to celebrate his accomplishments in the art form in the 1980s; in 1991 the first award was renamed in his honor.[108] "Black or White" was accompanied by a controversial music video, which, on November 14, 1991, simultaneously premiered in 27 countries with an estimated audience of 500 million people, the largest viewing ever for a music video.[107] It featured scenes construed as having a sexual nature as well as depictions of violence. The offending scenes in the final half of the 14-minute version were edited out to prevent the video from being banned, and Jackson apologized.[310] Along with Jackson, it featured Macaulay Culkin, Peggy Lipton and George Wendt. It helped usher in morphing as an important technology in music videos.[311] "Remember the Time" was an elaborate production, and became one of his longest videos at over nine minutes. Set in ancient Egypt, it featured groundbreaking visual effects and appearances by Eddie Murphy, Iman and Magic Johnson, along with a distinct complex dance routine.[312] The video for "In the Closet" was Jackson's most sexually provocative piece. It featured supermodel Naomi Campbell in a courtship dance with Jackson. The video was banned in South Africa because of its imagery.[108] The music video for "Scream", directed by Mark Romanek and production designer Tom Foden, is one of Jackson's most critically acclaimed. In 1995, it gained 11 MTV Video Music Award Nominations—more than any other music video—and won "Best Dance Video", "Best Choreography", and "Best Art Direction".[313] The song and its accompanying video are a response to the backlash Jackson received from the media after being accused of child molestation in 1993.[314] A year later, it won a Grammy for Best Music Video, Short Form; shortly afterwards Guinness World Records listed it as the most expensive music video ever made at a cost of $7 million.[145][315] "Earth Song" was accompanied by an expensive and well-received music video that gained a Grammy nomination for Best Music Video, Short Form in 1997. The video had an environmental theme, showing images of animal cruelty, deforestation, pollution and war. Using special effects, time is reversed so that life returns, wars end, and the forests re-grow.[145][316] Released in 1997 and premiering at the 1996 Cannes Film Festival, Michael Jackson's Ghosts was a short film written by Jackson and Stephen King and directed by Stan Winston. The video for Ghosts is over 38 minutes long and holds the Guinness World Record as the world's longest music video.[145][154][317][318] Legacy and influence See also: Records and achievements of Michael Jackson Jackson's star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, set in 1984 Jackson throughout his career transformed the art of the music video and paved the way for modern pop music. Daily Telegraph writer Tom Utley described Jackson in 2003 as "extremely important" and a "genius".[233] For much of his career, he had an "unparalleled" level of worldwide influence over the younger generation through his musical and humanitarian contributions.[147] Jackson's music and videos, such as Thriller, fostered racial diversity in MTV's roster, helped to put the relatively new channel into public awareness, and steered the channel's focus from rock to pop music and R&B, shaping the channel into a form that proved enduring. Jackson's work continues to influence numerous hip hop, rock, pop and R&B artists, including Patrick Stump,[319] Beyoncé,[320] Mariah Carey,[321] Jennifer Lopez,[322] Usher,[323]Adam Lambert,[324] Green Day,[325] Justin Timberlake,[326] Britney Spears,[327] Madonna,[328] Alien Ant Farm[158] and Ludacris, among others.[329] Allmusic's Steve Huey describes Jackson as "an unstoppable juggernaut, possessed of all the skills to dominate the charts seemingly at will: an instantly identifiable voice, eye-popping dance moves, stunning musical versatility and loads of sheer star power".[275] In the mid-1980s, Time magazine's pop music critic, Jay Cocks, noted "Jackson is the biggest thing since The Beatles. He is the hottest single phenomenon since Elvis Presley. He just may be the most popular black singer ever".[40] In 1990, Vanity Fair cited Jackson as the most popular artist in the history of show business.[91] In 2007, Jackson said, "Music has been my outlet, my gift to all of the lovers in this world. Through it, my music, I know I will live forever."[330] Shortly after Jackson's death, on June 25, 2009, MTV briefly returned to its original music video format to celebrate and pay tribute to his work.[331] The channel aired many hours of Jackson's music videos, accompanied by live news specials featuring reactions from MTV personalities and other celebrities. The temporary shift in MTV's programming culminated the following week in the channel's live coverage of Jackson's memorial service.[332] At the memorial service on July 7, 2009, founder of Motown Records Berry Gordy proclaimed Jackson as "the greatest entertainer that ever lived".[333][334][335] In 2010, two university librarians found that Jackson's influence extended into academia, and was detectable in scholarly literature pertaining to a range of subject matter.[336][337] The two researchers combed through various scholars' writings, and compiled an annotated bibliography of those writings that appeared to meet at least one of several criteria. Among these criteria were appearance in a peer-reviewed journal, and the provision of insight into the nature of "popular icons including Jackson".[338] The bibliography located references to Jackson in research reports concerning music, popular culture, and an array of other topics. The bibliographers identified as their most peculiar finding an argument that certain aspects of chemistry can be effectively taught by altering and imitating elements of Jackson's singing.[339] One of the research librarians later reflected that "the fact that someone would take a Michael Jackson song and co-opt it as a means to convey chemistry concepts just shows the pervasiveness of Jackson's influence".[336] Honors and awards See also: List of awards received by Michael Jackson Thriller platinum record on display at the Hard Rock Cafe, Hollywood in Universal City, California Michael Jackson was inducted onto the Hollywood Walk of Fame in 1980 as member of The Jacksons and in 1984 as solo artist. Throughout his career he received numerous honors and awards, including the World Music Awards' Best-Selling Pop Male Artist of the Millennium, the American Music Award's Artist of the Century Award and the Bambi Pop Artist of the Millennium Award.[159][340] He was a double-inductee of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, once as a member of The Jackson 5 in 1997 and later as a solo artist in 2001. Jackson was also inducted in several other hall of fames, including Vocal Group Hall of Fame (as The Jackson 5 member) in 1999, Songwriters Hall of Fame in 2002 and Hit Parade Hall of Fame (with his brothers) in 2009.[159][341] In 2010, Jackson was inducted into the Dance Hall of Fame as the first (and currently only) dancer from the world of pop and rock 'n' roll.[342] His awards include many Guinness World Records (eight in 2006 alone),[343] 13 Grammy Awards (as well as the Grammy Legend Award and the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award), 26 American Music Awards (24 only as a solo artist, including the "Artist of the Century", but not the poll of "Artist of the '80s")—more than any artist—, 13 number one singles in the US in his solo career—more than any other male artist in the Hot 100 era[344]—and estimated sales of up to 750 million records worldwide, making him the world's best selling male solo pop artist.[32][93][107][157][209][210][345][346][347][348][349] On December 29, 2009, the American Film Institute recognized Jackson's death as a "moment of significance" saying, "Michael Jackson's sudden death in June at age 50 was notable for the worldwide outpouring of grief and the unprecedented global eulogy of his posthumous concert rehearsal movie This Is It."[350] Michael Jackson also received a Doctor of Humane Letters Degree from the United Negro College Fund [351] and also an Honorary Doctorate of Humane Letters from Fisk University.[352] Lifetime earnings His total lifetime earnings from royalties on his solo recordings and music videos, revenue from concerts and endorsements have been estimated at US$500 million; some analysts have speculated that his music catalog holdings could be worth billions of dollars.[92][353] This speculation however is contradicted by financial documents obtained by the Associated Press, which showed that as of March 31, 2007, Jackson's 50 percent stake in the Sony/ATV Music Publishing catalog (his most prized asset) was worth $390.6 million and Michael Jackson's net worth was $236 million.[354] Billboard has estimated that Jackson has generated at least $1 billion in revenue in the year following his death.[355] Discography Main articles: Michael Jackson albums discography, Michael Jackson singles discography, and Michael Jackson videography See also: Jackson 5 discography Got to Be There (1972) Ben (1972) Music & Me (1973) Forever, Michael (1975) Off the Wall (1979) Thriller (1982) Bad (1987) Dangerous (1991) HIStory: Past, Present and Future, Book I (1995) Invincible (2001) Filmography Main article: Michael Jackson videography Year Film Role Director 1978 The Wiz[356] Scarecrow Sidney Lumet 1986 Captain EO[357] Captain EO Francis Ford Coppola 1988 Moonwalker[358] Himself Jerry Kramer 1997 Michael Jackson's Ghosts[359] Maestro/Mayor/Ghoul/Skeleton Stan Winston 2002 Men in Black II[360] Agent M (cameo) Barry Sonnenfeld 2004 Miss Cast Away and the Island Girls[361] Agent MJ (cameo) Bryan Michael Stoller 2009 Michael Jackson's This Is It[362] Himself Kenny Ortega Tours Main article: List of concert tours by Michael Jackson and The Jackson 5 Bad World Tour (1987–89) Dangerous World Tour (1992–93) HIStory World Tour (1996–97) This Is It (2009–10) (cancelled) See also Book: Michael Jackson Wikipedia books are collections of articles that can be downloaded or ordered in print. 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"Thriller Overview". Allmusic. Retrieved June 15, 2008. 278.^ Henderson, Eric (2003). "Michael Jackson:Thriller". Slant Magazine. Retrieved June 15, 2008. 279.^ a b c d Connelly, Christopher (January 28, 1983). "Michael Jackson: Thriller". Rolling Stone. 280.^ a b George, p.24 281.^ Sony Music (2001). "Michael Jackson Dangerous Review". Sony Music Entertainment. Archived from the original on December 4, 2005. Retrieved August 27, 2008. 282.^ Jeans (1993). "Peligroso regreso". Michael Jackson: Un mito indescifrable (in Spanish). Revista Jeans. p. 7. "En "Black or white" Michael Jackson solicitó la participación del guitarrista de Guns N' Roses, Slash, para darle a esta canción de hard rock una línea más agresiva, además cuenta con la participación de Tim Pierce en la guitarra heavy metal; y el resultado es una mezcla de hard rock, dance y rap" 283.^ Ramage, John D.; Bean, John C.; Johnson, June (2001). Writing arguments: a rhetoric with readings. Allyn and Bacon. p. 491. ISBN 0-205-31745-6. Retrieved July 14, 2009. "'Black or White', described by the record company as 'a rock 'n' roll dance song about racial harmony'" 284.^ Pareles, Jon (September 3, 1987). "How good is Jackson's Bad?". The New York Times. Retrieved July 23, 2008. 285.^ a b Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Dangerous Overview". Allmusic. Retrieved June 15, 2008. 286.^ a b c d e f g Pareles, Jon (November 24, 1991). "Michael Jackson in the Electronic Wilderness". The New York Times. Retrieved July 23, 2008. 287.^ Harrington, Richard (November 24, 1991). "Jackson's `Dangerous' Departures; Stylistic Shifts Mar His First Album in 4 Years". The Washington Post. 288.^ a b Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Michael Jackson HIStory Overview". Allmusic. Retrieved June 15, 2008. 289.^ a b Hunter, James (August 10, 1995). "Michael Jackson HIStory". Rolling Stone. 290.^ "Thomas W. (Tom) Sneddon, Jr". ndaa.org. Archived from the original on January 2, 2008. 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October 2005. 301.^ a b Gundersen, Edna (August 25, 2005). "Music videos changing places". USA Today. Retrieved July 23, 2008. 302.^ "Why it took MTV so long to play black music videos | Jet | Find Articles at BNET". Findarticles.com. October 9, 2006. Retrieved September 2, 2009. 303.^ Robinson, Bryan (February 23, 2005). "Why Are Michael Jackson's Fans So Devoted?". ABC News. Retrieved April 6, 2007. 304.^ Inglis, Ian (2006). Performance and popular music: history, place and time. Ashgate Publishing. pp. 119, 127. ISBN 978-0-7546-4057-8. 305.^ Jackson, Michael. Thriller Special Edition Audio. 306.^ "Philippine jailhouse rocks to Thriller". BBC. (July 27, 2007). Retrieved April 11, 2009. 307.^ Corliss, Richard (September 6, 1993). "Who's Bad?". Time. Retrieved April 23, 2008. 308.^ US Michael J. Jackson, Michael L. Bush, Dennis Tompkins: "Method and means for creating anti-gravity illusion", filed June 29, 1992, issued Oct 26, 1993 5255452 309.^ Lisa D. 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Retrieved June 23, 2010. 356.^ Jones, pp. 229, 259 357.^ Taraborrelli, pp. 355–356 358.^ Taraborrelli, pp. 413–414 359.^ Taraborrelli, p. 610 360.^ Scott, A. O (July 3, 2002). "Defending Earth, With Worms and a Talking Pug". The New York Times. Retrieved February 7, 2009. 361.^ Chaney, Jen (July 19, 2005). "'Miss Cast Away': You Know It's Bad". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 7, 2009. 362.^ Le, Danny (August 11, 2009). "'Michael Jackson's "This Is It," to be Presented In Theaters Around The World". MichaelJackson.com. Retrieved August 11, 2009. Bibliography Brackett, Nathan; Christian Hoard (2004). The Rolling Stone Album Guide. Fireside. ISBN 0-7432-0169-8. Campbell, Lisa (1993). Michael Jackson: The King of Pop. Branden. ISBN 0-8283-1957-X. Campbell, Lisa (1995). Michael Jackson: The King of Pop's Darkest Hour. Branden. ISBN 0-8283-2003-9. George, Nelson (2004). Michael Jackson: The Ultimate Collection booklet. Sony BMG. Guinness World Records (2003). Guinness World Records 2004. Guinness. ISBN 1-892051-20-6. Guinness World Records (2005). Guinness World Records 2006. Guinness. ISBN 1-904994-02-4. Jackson, Michael (2009) [First published 1988]. Moonwalk. Random House. ISBN 9780307716989. Ramage, John D.; Bean, John C.; Johnson, June (2001). Writing arguments: a rhetoric with readings. Allyn and Bacon. ISBN 0-205-31745-6. Taraborrelli, J. Randy (2009). Michael Jackson: The Magic, The Madness, The Whole Story, 1958–2009. Terra Alta, WV: Grand Central Publishing, 2009. ISBN 0-446-56474-5, 9780446564748. Further reading Dineen, Catherine (1993). Michael Jackson: In His Own Words. Omnibus Press. ISBN 0-7119-3216-6. Grant, Adrian (1994, 1997, 2002 and 2005). Michael Jackson: The Visual Documentary. Omnibus Press. ISBN 1-84449-432-2. Jackson, Michael (2006). My World, The Official Photobook, Vol. 1. Triumph International. ISBN 0-9768891-1-0. Jones, Bob (2005). Michael Jackson: The Man Behind the Mask. Select Books Inc. ISBN 1-59079-072-3. Jefferson, Margo; Brown (2007). On Michael Jackson. Vintage Books. ISBN 978-0-307-27765-7. Noonan, Damien (1994) (Audio book). Michael Jackson. Carlton Books. ISBN 1-85797-587-1. Visit Our Other Auctions Please review our terms and conditions below thoroughly. If you are the high bidder please complete checkout through eBay by selecting the PAY NOW Button above. This will only be visible after the auction to the high bidder and will provide you with our payment address and shipping totals if they are not listed in the auction. Shipping costs for this item US Shipping and International shipping will be automatically calculated for you. WI residents add 5% Sales Tax. If you are bidding on multiple auctions we will combine shipping when possible. By bidding on our lifemask auctions you agree to the following terms below: Buyer agrees and understands that they are purchasing only the right to materially buy, sell and possess said product. 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